Strategic Land and Resource Planning
Cariboo-Chilcotin (Regional Higher Level Plan)
Plan Overview
Plan type: LUP Landscape Unit Planning
Land area: ha

Status: Last Amendment May 2011; original declaration January 1996

Plan type: Regional Higher Level Plan

Introduction: The Government of British Columbia announced the Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan (CCLUP) on October 24, 1994. The CCLUP addresses the long-term balance of environment and economy in the region. It provides access to timber for the local forest industry, certainty for the mining, ranching and tourism industries while also establishing conservation and recreation objectives for many natural values in the Cariboo-Chilcotin. The stability and security provided by the plan provides economic and social stability and increased opportunities for growth and investment throughout the region.

The CCLUP was designated as a higher level plan in 1995 under the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act. It was later amended in 1999. The CCLUP guided the application of the Forest Practices Code and other resource management activities within the plan area. The Forest Practices Code was subsequentlly replaced with the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) but the CCLUP higher level plan was retained under this new legislation.

A key part of implementing the CCLUP was the completion of Sustainable Resource Management Plans (SRMPs). Seven Sustainable Resource Management Planning areas covering the entire Cariboo Chilcotin have been completed. Sustainable Resource Management Plans address CCLUP strategies and targets on an area-specific basis, and provide detailed objectives and strategies for the management of natural resources and the maintenance of environmental values.

A land use order has been declared by Integrated Land Management Bureau under the Land Use Objectives Regulation which sets legal direction for forestry activities under FRPA with respect to key resource values from the SRMPs. The order contains objectives and maps for a number of important resources including, biodiversity, old growth, critical habitat for fish, community areas of special concern, lakes, riparian, mature birch retention, grasslands, scenic areas, trails, high value wetlands for moose and grizzly. New Forest Stewardship Plans (FSPs) must comply with the order immediately. Holders of existing FSPs must amend their plans within two years of declaration of the land use order.

Region: Cariboo
Orders, Amendments and Agreements

Most recent Legal Land Use Order Regulation

Within the order there are links to each of the supporting maps and datasets. Maps can be accessed directly. Instructions on how to download the datasets are available at

LUOR Implementation Direction Companion Document, June 21, 2011 (PDF)

January 1996: Declaration of the Cariboo-Chilcotin Land-Use Plan as a Higher Level Plan: Filing and Notice

Parks/Protected Areas/Conservancies

Goal 2 Protected Areas:

Consistent with the Cariboo Chilcotin Land Use Plan and local sub-regional Sustainable Resource Management Plans several new parks and several additions to existing parks have been established in the Cariboo Chilcotin.

These areas were originally proposed and reviewed under the CCLUP and SRMP processes dating back to 1992 and have been modified numerous times to address various interests.  These areas address the Goal 2 objectives of the Protected Area Strategy of British Columbia to protect special features within the region. Maps of the proposed areas can be accessed at:

Regional Goal 2 History
Decision Support Reports

Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Updates:

The Biodiversity Conservation Strategy was prepared as part of the CCLUP Integration process. The strategy was completed in July 1996 and establishes landscape units and biodiversity emphasis across the region.

Implementation of the CCLUP since 1996 has raised a number of interpretive issues about biodiversity. Consequently the regional Biodiversity Conservation Committee has provided updates to the strategy to more fully explain key aspects.

Many of the general concepts developed in the CCLUP Biodiversity Conservation Strategy are well explained and documented in the earlier Forest Practices Code “Biodiversity Guidebook”: Biodiversity Guidebook Table of Contents

Update Note #1: Key Assumptions & Recommendations For Use of the Inventory Adjustment Factor
Update Note #2: Amalgamation of Small NDT-BEC Units in Relation to Assessment of Seral Objectives and Old Growth Management Area Planning
Update Note #3: Definition of the Fir Group and Pine Group for Purposes of Seral Stage Assessments within NDT4
Update Note #4: An Approach for Patch Size Assessments
Update Note #5: An Integrated Mountain Pine-Biodiversity Conservation Management Strategy
Update Note #6: Procedures for Implementation of the Mountain Pine Beetle-Biodiversity Strategy to Address Current Attack During the Outbreak Phase
Update Note #7b: An Integrated Strategy for Management of Biodiversity and Bark Beetles in Douglas-fir and Spruce Stands
Update Note #8: Strategy for Management of Mature Seral Forest and Salvage of Mountain Pine Beetle-Killed Timber
Update Note #9: Strategy for Management of Mature Seral Forest and Salvage of Mountain Pine Beetle-Killed Timber Within TFLs
Update Note #10: Salvage Harvesting of Transition Old Growth Management Areas Heavily Attacked by Mountain Pine Beetle or Spruce Beetle
Update Note #11: New Options for Old Growth Management Pine Beetle or Spruce Beetle
Update Note #12: Stand-Level Retention for Biodiversity
Update Note #14:: The Function and Management of Old Growth Management Areas in the Cariboo Chilcotin
Biodiversity Strategy Report
Landscape Unit Summaries

Old Growth Management Areas:

Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs) have been spatially located across all landscape units in the Cariboo-Chilcotin to meet the Biodiversity Strategies old forest requirement.  OGMA maps for each landscape unit:

Seral Distribution Assessment:

Seral distribution reports document the area of current “mature plus old” in each landscape unit/ biogeoclimatic unit combination (LU/BEC) based on available data. The current area is compared to mature plus old targets. Smaller LU/BEC areas may be combined as documented in the “amalgamation tables” to meet mature plus old biodiversity seral targets. The following information is available:

BEC Unit Amalgamation Table (Dec 31, 2007)
Seral distribution reports (2013)
Seral distribution maps by landscape unit (2013)

Patch Size Assessment:

Patch size assessment reports and maps resulting from the approach outlined in the Regional Biodiversity Conservation Strategy Update Note #4: An Approach for Patch Size Assessments

Patch Size distribution reports – 2007
Patch Size distribution maps – 2007

Mule Deer Winter Range Strategy

The CCLUP Management Strategy for Mule Deer Winter Ranges in the Cariboo-Chilcotin is designed to guide forest harvest planning to restore and maintain mule deer winter range habitat suitability. It is the culmination of the sustained research and planning efforts of many people over the past 25 years. The Strategy provides practical direction for planning and practices at both the landscape and stand levels to integrate mule deer habitat values with industrial timber development.

The Cariboo-Chilcotin Land Use Plan Integration Report mandated the creation of the Cariboo Regional Mule Deer Winter Range Committee to develop mule deer winter range plans and objectives. The committee is made up of resource management experts from the Ministry of Forests and Range, the Ministry of Agriculture and Lands, and the Ministry of Environment.

Mule Deer Winter Range Strategies and Legal Requirements:

Management Strategy for Mule Deer Winter Ranges in the Cariboo-Chilcotin Part 1a: Management Plan for Shallow and Moderate Snowpack Zones
Management Strategy for Mule Deer Winter Ranges in the Cariboo-Chilcotin Part 1b: Management Plan for Transition and Deep Snowpack Zones
Website on Approved Ungulate Winter Ranges – At this website, see "Approved Objectives" and "Approved Boundaries" for Mule Deer Winter Ranges in the Cariboo Region, the website includes separate listings for Quesnel TSA, Williams Lake TSA and 100 Mile TSA.
A Brief History of Mule Deer Winter Range Management and Research in the Cariboo Chilcotin: Relevant Literature and Web-links

Information Note #1: Guidance for Fire-damaged Stands, June 2014
Information Note #2: Guidance for Mule Deer Winter Range General Wildlife Measure Exemption Requests for Salvage of Insect-Killed Douglas-fir, June 2014
Information Note #3: Basal Area Requirements for Initiating Group Selection Harvest in Transition and Deep Snowpack Zones June 2017

Caribou Strategy Reports

Northern Caribou Strategy, (September 2011)
Northern Caribou Strategy, (Mar 1, 2002)
Mountain Caribou Strategy, (Oct 1, 2000)
1998 Caribou Strategy Update
Website on Approved Caribou Wildlife Habitat Areas – See “Species” for Northern Caribou and Mountain Caribou

Cariboo Chilcotin Grasslands Strategy

The CCLUP Grasslands Strategy is based on establishing and maintaining a Grassland Benchmark area within which forest encroachment will be controlled, to protect values for both livestock grazing and biodiversity.

Best Management Practice Guidelines for Harvesting Treatments on CCLUP Grassland Benchmark Sites
Forest Encroachment onto Grasslands and Establishment of a Grassland Benchmark Area
Cariboo-Chilcotin Ecosystem Restoration Plan
Map of Cariboo-Chilcotin Ecosystem Restoration Priority

Climate Change in the Cariboo Chilcotin

The Provincial Government’s Integrated Land Management Bureau and the Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium from the University of Victoria collaborated to complete a “Preliminary Analysis of Climate Change in the Cariboo-Chilcotin Area of British Columbia”.

This 50 page report provides analysis of past and potential future climate in the Cariboo-Chilcotin region in the central interior of British Columbia. Background information on climate science and natural climatic cycles including the El Niño Southern Oscillation and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation is provided in the report along with an extensive set of up-to-date literature and web-based references.

Published Reports
Summary of CCLUP Legal Requirements and Selected Non-Legal Direction
CCLUP 90-Day Implementation Process Final Report
Cariboo Chilcotin Land Use Plan Integration Report
Cariboo Chilcotin Land Use Plan Integration Sessions – Questions and Answers
2011 Legal Order Regulation Maps
1996: CCLUP map from the integration report
Related Links
Grassland Restoration
Climate Change
Regional Contact
Robin Hoffos, Section Head, Habitat Management
400-640 Borland Street, Williams Lake BC
V2G 4T1
Overall Land Use Planning Contact
Jennifer Psyllakis
Manager, Land and Resource Use
Resource Management Objectives Branch,
Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations
1520 Blanshard Street, Victoria, BC  V8W 3K2
250 356-9287