9 Woodlot licence area requirements
Requirements related to soil conservation on areas under woodlot licences are provided in the Woodlot Licence Forest Management Regulation (WLFMR), which became effective on November 30, 1998. Some of these requirements differ from those contained elsewhere in this guidebook (i.e., for other forms of tenure) and are discussed below.
For woodlot licence areas, a permanent access structure is any in-block road, landing, pit, or quarry except those access structures identified as requiring rehabilitation in an operational plan. Excavated or bladed trails, other logging trails, and similar structures may also be permanent access structures if identified as such in an operational plan.
Those structures not identified as permanent access structures and not to be rehabilitated contribute to the total area occupied by soil disturbance.
For areas covered by site plans, the maximum limit for soil disturbance must accommodate the area that will be occupied by all non-permanent access structures (note that the term "temporary access structure" is not used, nor defined, in the WLFMR). Even after these structures are rehabilitated, they may still represent an area of soil disturbance if they meet the criteria for any of the categories of soil disturbance. For example, the surface of a rehabilitated temporary road that does not have any forest floor remaining could be categorized as a scalp and therefore count as soil disturbance (this would not count on an area covered by a prescription held by a major licensee or a timber sale licensee).
For areas covered by silviculture prescriptions approved before the WLFMR came into effect, access structures identified in a silviculture prescription as requiring rehabilitation do not count as soil disturbance if they are satisfactorily rehabilitated.