The objectives of soil conservation under the Forest Practices Code (Code) are:
Under the Code, disturbance is classified into two main types:
Soil disturbance in the NAR is further categorized as the area occupied by corduroyed trails, compacted areas, areas of dispersed disturbance, and unrehabilitated temporary access structures. These and other related terms are defined in the Operational Planning Regulation and the Woodlot Licence Forest Management Regulation, and discussed in some detail in this guidebook. The maximum proportion of an area that can be occupied by permanent access structures and subjected to soil disturbance must be stated in a silviculture prescription. As well, stand management prescriptions must specify the maximum amount of soil disturbance permissible as a result of mechanized stand tending treatments. Rehabilitation is required for temporary access structures and certain categories of soil disturbance, unless exempted by the district manager.
The numbered highlight boxes that appear throughout this guidebook contain descriptions of mandatory prescription and practice requirements. The specific Act and regulation section numbers that coincide with each highlight number are listed in Appendix 1. The Act and regulations should be referenced for the precise wording of these provisions.
Soil conservation requirements for woodlot licence areas may differ from those for areas covered under other forms of tenure. These are discussed in a separate section in this guidebook.
This guidebook contains recommendations on how to prepare prescriptions that specify limits for various types of soil disturbance. The purpose of such specifications is to ensure that the soil resource is adequately protected during forestry operations.