Ministry of Forests

Cariboo Region Research Section


Intergrated Managment of Timber and Deer: Interior Forets of Western North America

Armleder, H.M.; Leckenby, D.A.; Freddy, D.J.; and Hlcks, L.L. 1989. Integrated management of timber and deer: interior forests of Western North America. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-227. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 23 p.

Timber and deer managers have struggled through years of increasing demands and growing conflicts in the interior of Western North America. Integrated management, supported by a sound research data base and effectively communicated to all users, is presented as the only viable approach to an increasingly complex resource future. Two examples of tools recently designed for managers in dealing with timber-deer habitat are discussed.

Keywords: Integrated management, timber management, wildlife habitat management, deer, mule deer.

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