Karst landscapes offer scientific opportunities:
- Geography/Geology – The study of cave morphology
and secondary deposits,
such as speleothems and
sediments, provide a relatively undisturbed window into
landform evolution, past environmental conditions and climate
- Archaeology/Paleontology –
Karst caves can be important sites for studying
prehistoric living conditions because the natural environment
cool temperatures, the absence of light, difficult access)
Most of the known stone tools and skeletal remains of Homo
early Homo sapiens are from limestone caves.
The earliest known remains of
humans in the Western hemisphere are found in US caves.
black bear bones in a Queen Charlotte Island cave
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