British Columbia
Ministry of Forests
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Selected literature


Alexander, R. R. (1987). Ecology, silviculture and management of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir type in central and southern Rocky Mountains. USA: USDA Forest Service. Agriculture Handbook. No. 659.

Bartels, R., Dell, J. D., Knight, R. L., & Schaefer, G. (1985). Dead and down woody material. In Brown op cit. pp. 171-186.

Biodiversity guidebook. (1995). Victoria: British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.

Brown, E. R. (ed.). (1985). Management of wildlife and fish habitats in forests in western Oregon and Washington. Portland: USDA Forestry Service. Pub. No. R6-Fowl-192.

Caza, C. L. (1993). Woody debris in the forests of BC: a review of the literature and current research. Victoria: BC Ministry of Forests, Land Mgmt. Rep. No 78.

Franklin, J. F., Berg, D. R., Thornburgh, D. A., & Tappeiner, J.C. (1997.) Alternative silvicultural approaches to timber harvesting: variable retention harvest systems. In Kohn, K. A. & Franklin, J. F. (Eds.), Creating a Forestry for the 21st Century: The Science of Ecosystem Management. (pp. 111-139). Washington: Island Press.

Franklin, J. F, Perry, D.A., Schowalter, T. D., Harmon, M. E., McKee, A., & Spies, T. A. (1989). Importance of ecological diversity in maintaining long-term site productivity. In Meurisse, R., Thomas, R., Boyle, J., Means, J., Perry, C. R., & Power, R. F. (Eds.). Maintaining the long-term productivity of Pacific Northwest forest ecosystems. Portland: Timber Press.

Guy, S. E. & Manning, E. T. (2001). Wildlife/danger tree assessor's course workbook. Victoria: Ministry of Forests & Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.

Harris, L. D. (1984). The fragmented forest, island biogeography theory and the preservation of biotic diversity. Chicago: University Chicago Press.

Hunter, M. L. (1994). Wildlife, forests, and forestry: principles of managing forests for biological diversity. New Jersey: Regents/Prentice Hall.

Machmer, M. & Steeger, C. (1995). The ecological roles of wildlife tree users in forest ecosystems. Victoria: Ministry of Forestry. Land. Manage. Handbook. No. 35.

McNeely, J. A, Miller, K. R., Reid, R. A., Mttermeier, R. A., & Werner, T. B. (1990). Conserving the world's biological diversity. Prepared and published by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Nature Resources, World Resources Institute, Conservation International, World Wildlife Fund-US, and the World Food Bank.

Park, A. & McCulloch, L. (1993). Guidelines for maintaining biodiversity during juvenile spacing. Victoria: Ministry of Forestry and FRDA Report.

Radcliffe, G. B. Bancroft, Porter, G., & Cadrin, C. (1994). Biodiversity of the Prince Rupert forest region. Victoria: Ministry of Forests. Land Management Rep. No. 82.

Riparian management area guidebook. (1995). Victoria: British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.

Stathers, R. J., Rollerson, T. P., & Mitchell, S. J. (1994). Windthrow handbook for British Columbia forests. Victoria: Ministry of Forest. Working Paper 9401.

Thomas. J. W. (ed.). (1979). Wildlife habitats in managed forests: the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington. Washington: Forestry Service. Agriculture Handbook No. 553.

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