Minimum
Guidelines
Transportation

Your employer must provide safe transportation to and from the work site and camp location. You have an obligation to comply with all safety requirements.

All-terrain vehicles, aircraft, marine vessels and road vehicles are not to be operated by persons who are:

  • under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • impaired by prescription drugs or over-the-counter medications.

ATVs

Three
Wheel ATV
The use of all-terrain cycles (three-wheeled vehicle) is NOT recommended.

You must be trained before you are allowed to operate an all-terrain vehicle (four-wheeled or multiple wheeled). This is to include:

  • pre-trip inspection
  • personal protective apparel (which includes safety helmet, eye protection, gloves, boots and clothing covering the arms and legs)
  • operating skills
  • basic mechanical requirements
  • loading and off-loading the vehicle
  • terrain or other operating restrictions.

The manufacturer's performance requirements must not be exceeded. These include maximum load weights and the degree of slope that can be safely traveled. No passengers are to be carried unless the vehicle is so designed.

Boats

If your work involves the use of marine craft, the vessel must be seaworthy, meet safety standards, and be maintained and operated according to the manufacturer's specifications, and regulatory requirements. Marine craft must be operated by qualified persons who have a proven ability for operating marine craft in their geographical area. In addition, the following requirements must be met:

  • the safe maximum load and maximum horsepower (if 10 or more horsepower) are to be posted and adhered to

  • a water line is to be marked on the craft to indicate maximum weight and possible overloading

  • an approved life jacket shall be available for each passenger

  • fire extinguishers that meet standards are to be provided

  • the vessel is equipped with: - radio or another device that allows communication with the camp or another land-based station - radar if it is operated where fog or darkness may be part of the operation

  • cargo is to be secured, and the weight evenly distributed

  • an Emergency Positioning Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB) is to be installed on vessels in excess of 18 feet.

You have a right to refuse to travel on a marine craft if you feel it is unsafe to do so because of adverse weather, or due to the condition of the vessel.

Helicopters

If you work around helicopters as part of your job, there are special considerations for ensuring your safety, and the safety of other passengers and the pilot.

Safety around helicopters

General
Before helicopter operations begin, the supervisor and crew must meet with the pilot of the helicopter to establish:

  • plans and procedures to be used
  • ground-to-helicopter communication systems
  • corrective measures required to minimize risks of injury to workers
  • limitations and capabilities of the helicopter
  • procedure for the manual opening of the load hook.

These procedures and instructions must be explained to all new workers and reviewed with the entire crew at the start of each new helicopter access work site. Attendence and the minutes of such meetings must be recorded.

Emergency medical evacuation procedures involving helicopters must be regularly reviewed and practiced.

Loose debris and trash must be removed from landing and service sites. Anything that can become airborne may strike the rotors or be sucked into the engine intake.

Only workers authorized by their employer are permitted to work around helicopters.

Passengers should be made aware of the exits, emergency exits and the location of survival and emergency equipment.

No worker is permitted on any load supported or suspended from an aircraft in flight.

Boarding and deplaning Blind
Area
Stay clear of the helicopter and within the pilot's range of vision.

Wait for a signal from the pilot to approach.

Walk in a crouched position when approaching or leaving the helicopter as the blade tips may come within 1.5 m (5 ft.) of the ground.

Never approach or leave the helicopter from the rear or go near the tail rotor.

Never approach or depart uphill from the helicopter.

Do not go under the tail boom to get from one side to the other. Walk only a round the front of the helicopter.

ADDITIONAL PRECAUTIONS
Chin straps for hard hats must be used.

Do not smoke near the helicopter.

Carry tools and equipment horizontally at or below waist level (never upright or over shoulder).

Loading the Copter

Secure tools and equipment before take-off.

Follow the pilot's instructions regarding seating and storage of cargo.

Inform pilot of the nature of all cargo.

Do not carry flammable or explosive materials in the passenger compartment.

Wear hearing protection or radio communication headsets when in the helicopter.

Wear properly adjusted seat-belts and do not remove until instructed by pilot.

Never throw anything out of helicopters when in flight.

Exit to low side and remain within pilot's range of vision.

Raod Vehicals

When your employer provides vehicle transportation, the safety requirements for crew transportation must be met. The vehicle must be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. Other requirements include:

  • proper seating for personnel inside the vehicle (personnel must be seated during transport with the seat-belt securely fastened)

  • personnel are not permitted to ride with any part of their body outside the vehicle

  • tools and equipment are transported in a compartment separate from personnel, and when tools or equipment must be transported in the same compartment as the personnel, they must be secured (tied down and restrained so that there is no hazard of injury in case of a rollover or sudden stop)

  • animals are not to be transported with the crew or driver unless special facilities are provided for this purpose

  • a clean air supply, lighting and communication between the crew and driver are provided

  • a secondary means of exit is installed, and unlocked while crew is transported

  • the vehicle is equipped with fire extinguisher and first aid kit (as per the OFA Regulations)

  • smoking in crew vehicles is not recommended

  • the vehicle is operated by a qualified person with a valid driver 's licence of the appropriate class.

Seat belts are to be worn while the vehicle is in motion. No person is to leave or board the vehicle while it is in motion.

You have a right to refuse to travel in a vehicle if you feel it is unsafe to do so because of adverse weather, road conditions or the condition of the vehicle.

Transporting Fuel

When fuel, oil or other flammable materials must be transported on a vehicle transporting workers, such material must be in a separate compartment. The compartment must have proper drainage and ventilation. If the compartment is internal, it must be separated from the crew compartment by a fire wall.

Fuel must be stored in CSA or ULC approved containers.

Under the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations:

  • you must not handle or transport fuels unless you have been trained or are working under the direct supervision of a person who has been trained

  • each container must be tightly secured to the vehicle during . transport

  • the label or placard on the container must be visible from outside the vehicle

  • the total capacity of containers in or on the vehicle is not to exceed 2000 litres.