Minimum
Guidelines
First Aid

Your employer must ensure first aid equipment and services are provided that meet or exceed the Occupational First Aid (OFA) Regulations.

Communications

Your employer must ensure that there is a means to request emergency services such as air evacuation or provincial ambulance. There shall also be a means to communicate with the local hospital or medical aid facilities during the transportation of injured persons. Examples of communication means used includes two-way radio, radio-telephone or cellular telephone.

Emg Trans Plan

Written plans for transporting injured workers must be in place prior to the start of work on site. A sample of the minimum required content, and a recommended format, can be found in Appendix A.

Equipment

The requirements for first aid equipment are found in Tables 1 through 6 of the OFA regulations. The first aid requirements for a "B" class hazard (i.e., tree planting) are included in Table 3 and 4 below:

Table 3: "B" Hazard classification
More than 20 minutes surface travel time to hospital
Number of workers per shift Supplies, equipment and facility First aid certificate required for attendent Transportation required Other first aid requirements
2-5 Level I kit Level I with transportation endorsement see reg.29
6-15 Level I kit ETV equipment Level I with transportation endorsement see reg.29
16-50 Level 3 kit Dressing station ETV equipment Level 3 ETV Unrestricted certificate required in some cases. see reg.46
51-100 Level 3 kit First aid room ETV equipment Level 3 ETV Unrestricted certificate required in some cases. see reg.46
101-300 Level 3 kit First aid room Industrial ambulance equipment Level 3 ETV Unrestricted certificate required in some cases. see reg.46

Table 4:Hazard classification
20 minutes or less surface travel time to hospital
Number of workers per shift Supplies, equipment, and facility Fist aid certificate required for attendent Transportation required Other first aid requirements
2-5 Basic kit see reg. 29
6-25 Level 1 kit level 1 see reg. 29
26-75 Level 2 kit Dressing station Level3 ETV Upgrade of certificate, transportation and equipment required m some cases see reg. 23
51-100 Level 3 ht First aid room Level 3 ETV Upgrade of certificate, transportation, and equipment required in some cases see reg. 23

All persons on the worksite must have access to first aid services. Some requirements worth noting are:

  • first aid equipment and supplies must be kept clean
  • crew vehicles must have first aid kits
  • a basket stretcher with spine board, straps and padding is required
  • oxygen therapy must be on site when a Level 2 or 3 first aid attendant is required.

1st Aid Attendant

The first aid attendant level required is listed in OFA regulation Table 3 and 4. A qualified first aid attendant(s) must be available at all times while people are working. The other duties of a first aid attendant must not conflict with the rendering of first aid through a delay in treatment or lack of cleanliness.

First aid attendant's authority

The first aid attendant has the authority to act and take charge when a person is injured and requires medical attention. This authority is established by the WCB in OFA regulation 24. The first aid attendant may accompany injured workers to medical aid if they feel it is necessary to do so.

Transportation

Your employer must ensure the means to transport injured workers to medical aid are available. Depending on the number of workers on site (see Table 3 and 4) and the distance to the hospital, an emergency transportation vehicle (ETV) or industrial ambulance may be required.

If injured workers are to be transported by water or air, special requirements must be met. These include:

Air transport

  • arrangements must be made for a suitable aircraft to be readily available if air transport is the primary means of transport

  • a list of radio frequencies to be used to communicate between the pilot and the workplace must be included in the written procedures (see Appendix 1)

  • first aid equipment used must be suitable for aircraft use

  • alternate transport methods must be planned for should weather adversely affect flying conditions.

Water transport

  • a suitable boat must be readily available if water transport is the primary means of transport

  • the boat must meet the requirements of the WCB regulations and the Canada Shipping Act

  • the boat must be able to accommodate a stretcher and protect the injured person from the natural elements.