Public Influenence on Reforestation in British Columbia
About British Columbia
B.C.'s Physiography and Tree SpeciesThe climate of British Columbia varies tremendously, ranging from almost Mediterranean conditions on some parts of the coast to sub-arctic conditions at high elevations and in the far north. Forests dominate the vegetation but there are also extensive areas of grasslands, scrub and tundra.
B.C. has five broad physiographic regions, each representing a distinctive combination of climate, landform, vegetation, and soil (Figure 2). The commercial tree species vary significantly between these regions, reflecting the great biological diversity present in the province (Table 2, Appendix).
Importance of Forestry to British ColumbiaAbout 85% of British Columbia is designated as "Provincial Forest" which is owned by the province and is managed for all resource values, not just timber.
Not all Provincial Forest is actual forest land, however. About one-half of B.C. is covered in forest, and about one-half of this, or one-quarter of the entire province, is considered available and suitable for timber harvesting (Figure 3).
About 96% of the total forest volume of 8.6 billion m3 is coniferous 1, giving British Columbia approximately half of the national softwood inventory and 7% of the world softwood inventory (Council of Forest Industries, 1993).
In fiscal year 1993/94, almost 70 million cubic metres were harvested from 181 000 hectares . Eighty-seven per cent of the harvest was by means of clearcutting, with the balance being harvested through a variety of selection systems. More than 95% of the total harvest consists of lodgepole pine; several species of spruce, hemlock, and true fir; Douglas fir; and western red cedar.
Canada is the world's largest exporter of manufactured forest products, and British Columbia is a significant contributor to this, particularly in lumber exports (Figure 4). In 1991, B. C. shipped 34% of the world lumber, 10% of the world pulp, and 9% of the world newspaper exports (Council of Forest Industries, 1992 & 1993). B.C. forestry exports to other countries in 1992 were valued at $9.5 billion or 59 % of provincial exports (B.C. Ministry of Finance and Corporate Relations, 1993). About twenty-five percent of B.C.'s pulp and paper exports, valued at close to $1 billion annually, goes to the European Community (Council of Forest Industries, 1993). Studies show that:
1. 1 billion = I 000 000 000
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