The current program presumes that integrated resource management is the preferred management strategy. The major components of the program are:
- Survey and detection allows control actions to be identified, located, and implemented. The principal methods involve aerial overview flights and ground surveys, which are used to verify infestation levels.
- Single-tree and spot treatments can control small mountain pine beetle infestations. Treatments include:
- Fall and burn - where individual trees are disposed on site.
- Tree removal - using helicopters.
- Tree injected pesticide application - MSMA is injected directly into trees.
- Single-load logging - trees are removed selectively or in small patches to make one load for a logging truck.
- Large-area treatments, involving conventional logging are used if an infestation is large. Pheromone baiting may be used to contain the beetles in an area prior to logging to minimize the loss of adjacent trees.