The nutrient-rich valleys of coastal mainland British Columbia contain some of the most productive sites in the world for growing large conifer trees. These same valleys also support some of Canada's highest concentrations of grizzly bears.

The grizzlies are attracted to the abundant berry-producing shrubs and other vegetation found in the floodplains, skunk cabbage swamps, and lower side slopes of coastal valleys. The moist, rich soils of the valley bottoms provide an excellent environment for a variety of important grizzly bear forage species--red elderberry, currents, salmonberry, red-osier dogwood, devil's club and skunk cabbage.

Distribution Map

After a coastal valley bottom is logged, many of the plants that grizzlies feed on are among those that compete for growing space and sunlight with regenerating tree seedlings. This competition for limited resources can make it difficult to re-establish a new crop of commercial trees. As a result, silviculturists often use herbicides or manual methods to control the growth and spread of competing vegetation.

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