B.C. has a greater diversity of forest types than any other
jurisdiction in Canada or the U.S. To manage, protect and conserve those forest and range
ecosystems, the Ministry of Forests employs more than 4,200 people, has contracts with
many others, and works with the private sector on activities ranging from tree planting
and landscape management to computer modelling and the study of forest ecology.
Area burned by wildfires in B.C.
2000/01: 16,407 ha
1999/00: 13,989 ha
Cost of direct fire fighting*
2000/01: $52.7 million
1999/00: $21.1 million
*Net of recoveries
Average stumpage prices
Forest operations compliance
2000/01: 40,293 inspections
1999/00: 43,963 inspections
Harvesting licences and agreements
Productive forest land in B.C. in TSAs and TFLs
2000/01: 45.4 million ha
1999/00: 45.9 million ha
Strategic Goal 1:
Manage and conserve forest and grassland ecosystems for
sustainable use now and in the future.
Results-Based Code Initiative
The ministry added new legislation during 1999/00 to the Forest Practices Code of
British Columbia Act, to allow pilot testing to improve the regulation of forest and
range practices. These provisions empower Cabinet to exempt tenure-holders or the Small
Business Forest Enterprise Program (SBFEP) from requirements under the Forest
Practices Code of British Columbia Act, the Forest Act, or the Range Act
for the purposes of experimenting with ways to improve the regulatory and administrative
framework associated with implementation of the Forest Practices Code.
The intent of this initiative is to move from a prescription-based to a results-based
Forest Practices Code, in a way that maintains environmental standards and fosters broad
public support. Consultation includes stakeholders from environmental groups, the forest
industry, the Forest Practices Board, and First Nations.
|Ten initial expressions of interest from across the province were
received. Of those, five pilot proposals are in the early stages of development, and five
are in the detailed planning stage:
||Cariboo Lumber Manufacturers Association (CLMA)
||Cariboo Woodlot Association
||Fort St. John licensees
||Riverside Forest Products Ltd.
||Weyerhaeuser Canada Ltd., Stillwater Division
These five pilots are exploring new mechanisms for community and First Nations
involvement, evaluation and monitoring, and links to certification, land-use planning, and
tree farm licence management planning. During 2000/01, the ministry provided advice on
pilot proposals for further streamlining of operational planning, cutting, and road permit
The 2000/01 target was to implement four pilots across the province.
The proposals and draft regulations for the Fort St. John and Weyerhaeuser (Stillwater)
pilot projects were released for public discussion during 2000/01. Work continues on the
CLMA, Cariboo Woodlot, and Riverside projects, for which proposals and draft regulations
may be released in 2001/02.
Community Forests Initiative
Pilot projects under this initiative test new approaches to community stewardship of
local forest resources, both to increase direct community participation in the management
of local forests and help create sustainable jobs.
The ministry evaluated 27 proposals for Community Forest Agreements during 1999/00 and
made seven offers for pilot projects. (The 2000/01 target was to issue seven agreements.)
By the end of 2000/01, four pilot agreements were signed, with Burns Lake Community Forest
Limited, Harrop Procter Watershed Protection Society, Esketemc First Nation, and the
District of Fort St. James. These agreements cover approximately 52,700 hectares of Crown
land. Three additional pilots were offered to the communities of McBride, Likely, and
Nuxalk First Nation.
A new Community Forest Agreement Regulation, based on the Woodlot Licence Forest
Management Regulation, was brought into force on December 4, 2000. It provides for a more
streamlined and flexible administrative model, while maintaining environmental protection
measures consistent with the Forest Practices Code.
A moderate expansion of the program was announced in October 2000, which will allow the
ministry to offer as many as 18 additional community forest tenure opportunities.
Kyoto Protocol Initiative
The Kyoto Protocol was signed by Canada in 1998. It requires a 6 per cent reduction (or
about 180 million tonnes) in national greenhouse gas emissions below 1990 levels by the
end of 2012. The protocol has yet to be ratified, but signatories must demonstrate
progress on their commitments by 2005. The agreement has potential risks for the B.C.
forest sector, including constraints on allowable annual cuts and additional forest
management considerations, increased wood production by competitors, increased forest
industry production costs, and possible trade barriers.
The purpose of this initiative is to reduce the risks, costs and effects on B.C.s
forest-based economy, and to help control carbon dioxide emissions by negotiating, if
possible, a position that generates revenues from carbon sinks.
The ministry is participating in both the ad hoc Sinks Table and the Forest-Sector
Table established by the federal government. Participants at the tables will also assess
the potential effects of future agreements on forest management in B.C. During 2000/01,
this work included providing information for and participating in the 6th Conference of
the Parties (COP-6) in November 2000 and developing a provincial carbon accounting model
to provide relevant input to federal/provincial discussions meeting the Business
Plan 2000 - 2001 target.
The carbon accounting project, which will be completed in two phases, is a cooperative
effort among the B.C. Ministry of Forests, the Canadian Forest Service, and ESSA
Technologies Ltd. of Vancouver. The team is revising the Carbon Budget Model of the
Canadian Forest Sector (CBM-CFS2) to analyze carbon stocks and carbon stock changes in
B.C. at the scale of timber supply areas and tree farm licences. The analysis will use a
range of provincial information (e.g., forest inventory and growth and yield) to analyze
carbon stock changes in the managed forest under different harvest and natural
disturbance-rate scenarios. This is also the first application of the CBM-CFS2 using
provincial inventory and growth and yield data.
State of the Forests Report Initiative
Reporting on the state of British Columbias forests is an integral part of the
ministrys performance planning framework. As an ongoing body of work, these reports
will provide a concise, credible, balanced overview of the sustainability of forest
management in the province. Using internationally recognized sustainability indicators, as
well as indicators that are of particular importance to the B.C. situation, the reports
will provide details on the current state of the environmental, socioeconomic and
administrative aspects of forest sustainability. The reports will also identify trends in
those areas. Designed for governments, environmental organizations, industry and the
public in B.C. and internationally, the reports will help readers access more detailed
information and help the ministry identify significant gaps in information.
During 2000/01, as planned, the ministry met its Business Plan 2000 - 2001
target of completing a prototype to guide the preparation of future State of the Forest
Landscape-Unit Planning Initiative
This initiative has two main purposes: to address biodiversity at the watershed level,
and to provide clear direction for sustainable forest management. This work will help
define the land base available for timber production and provide direction for integrated
management of forest resources (including the establishment of old-growth management areas
and the determination of targets for wildlife tree retention). The mechanism for doing
this is establishing legal objectives for landscape units.
In the near term, the primary focus is to establish objectives for the conservation of
old-growth and the retention of wildlife trees. All operational plans prepared under the
Forest Practices Code must be consistent with any landscape-unit objectives.
Although delays were experienced in meeting the initial Business Plan 2000 - 2001
target set for this initiative (i.e., advertise objectives for 75 landscape-unit plans)
because required consultations were not done, substantial background work was completed
during 2000/01. Landscape-unit data preparation was substantially completed in at least 16
of the provinces 40 forest districts. Further data analysis was completed in seven
Proposed objectives were advertised for public review for two landscape units. For one
of those units, the objectives were moved forward to the legal establishment phase.
Forest Health Initiative
The goals of the Forest Health Initiative are to maintain and improve the health of
B.C.s forests by detecting, recording and mitigating losses caused by forest insects
and disease. The ministrys targets under this initiative in 2000/01 were to minimize
bark beetle expansion through control measures (as per the five-year Forest Health Plan),
and to eradicate gypsy moth populations in Burnaby.
The ministry has re-established an annual provincial aerial overview survey, which will
enable broad-scale tracking of significant forest pests primarily bark beetles and
defoliators. Current data are available at
www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfp/FORSITE/overview/overview.htm, and historical data are being
appended as they become available.
Mountain pine beetle continues to aggressively infest mature lodgepole pine stands in
the central Interior of B.C. (see Table C-22). A total of $15 million in additional
funding was allocated to bark beetle control in 2000/01.
Successful aerial applications of the pesticide Foray 48BŪ eradicated gypsy moth
populations on the north side of Burnaby Lake, in Burnaby. In Sechelt, the first year of a
two-year program using a mass-trapping technique to control gypsy moth was completed.
Strategic Goal 2:
Ensure that the provinces forests, range and
associated recreation resources contribute to the economic well-being of its citizens and
Softwood Lumber Initiative
The Canada/U.S. Softwood Lumber Agreement limits the volume of lumber that can be
shipped to the United States, without payment of export fees, from B.C., Alberta, Ontario
and Quebec. The government of Canada implemented the agreement through a quota system that
allocates the fee-free volume among individual lumber producers in the four covered
provinces. The agreement was scheduled to expire on March 31, 2001.
The Ministry of Forests, both directly and through the B.C. Softwood Lumber Advisory
Committee, helped the government of Canada administer the agreement, in several ways. It
supported a negotiated settlement of a dispute on the reclassification by U.S. Customs of
rougher-headed lumber, and the allocation of additional lumber quota to rougher-headed
lumber producers. It also provided technical support in an arbitration case on other
reclassifications by U.S. Customs, and developed recommendations for the allocation of
additional quota available under the agreement to address hardships and inequities in B.C.
During 2000/01, the ministry continued preparations for the expiry of the agreement on
March 31, 2001 by providing leadership at the national and provincial levels in attempting
to ensure continued access to the U.S. market. That work included consulting with the
federal government and various stakeholder interests in B.C. and preparing legal, economic
and factual analyses in anticipation of a probable U.S. trade action. Achievement of the Business
Plan 2000 - 2001 target of unfettered access to the U.S. market for B.C. softwood
lumber cannot properly be assessed and evaluated until the scope and nature of a U.S.
trade action are known.
Forest Policy Review Implementation Initiative
Under this initiative, the Minister of Forests asked the Jobs and Timber Accord
Advocate, in mid-1999, to review existing forest policy. This review is an integral part
of a wider effort to achieve a renewed, diversified and internationally competitive forest
sector in B.C. To reach that goal, the province needed to examine its existing policy
framework and look at innovative forest management that will allow it to attract new
investment in the sector while promoting strong community participation, a greater
emphasis on high-value made-in-B.C. products, and world-leading environmental standards.
B.C.s public forests must provide an adequate social dividend in jobs and healthy
communities while encouraging innovation and diversification in forest management and
The review included community workshops across the province, attended by
representatives from the Union of British Columbia Municipalities, the forest sector,
business, labour, environmental groups, and First Nations. Consultations were also held
with key provincial stakeholders and the public. The final report, Shaping Our Future, was
released on April 5, 2000 (www.for.gov.bc.ca/pab/pc/review/index.htm). It included forest
policy recommendations about land-use planning, Forest Renewal BC, First Nations, tenure,
pricing, communities and workers.
The ministry has identified a number of initiatives of interest in the final report,
including the expansion of the Community Forest Agreements program, moving toward
market-based pricing, implementation of landscape-unit planning, special and enhanced
zoning, and the creation of a working forest. The ministry is working on community forests
and market-based pricing initiatives, and it plans to work on others.
First Nations Forest Strategy
The Ministry of Forests started developing the First Nations Forestry Strategy in
November 1999. A framework for addressing treaty- and non-treatyrelated forestry
issues, the strategy is a way for First Nations to build a stake in the forest sector in a
This initiative is an integral component of a larger provincial government
treaty-related measures strategy to provide opportunities for First Nations to achieve
some of their economic objectives in the short term. It is also an important incentive for
First Nations to continue participating in the treaty process. The First Nations Forest
Strategy is not limited to treaty-related measures; it includes components that provide
benefits to all First Nations, including those not currently involved in the treaty
The strategy captures ongoing opportunities for First Nations and rolls them into a
strategic approach without limiting existing programs. The major components of the
strategy include ministry support for capacity-building initiatives, facilitating joint
ventures with industry, providing access to timber/tenures and supporting treaty-related
|Ministry targets for 2000/01 were to:
||implement three access-to-timber pilots under the Premiers Economic Summit,
||increase the number of forest-sector business arrangements involving First Nations,
||complete 10 Traditional Use Studies,
||have 17 current students complete the Forest Technician Training Program, and
||increase the number of pre-treaty and treaty-related agreements being developed or
The ministry was able to meet or exceed all of its targets for the First Nations Forest
Strategy. Three access-to-timber pilots involving five First Nations forest-sector
licensee partnerships have been established and are now underway. Ten Traditional Use
Studies were completed. An additional large-scale Traditional Use Study has been extended
and will also be completed by October. Eighteen students completed the academic portion of
the Forest Technician Training Program, with 17 going on to their practical work term.
Consistent with the strategy, the ministry began negotiations on forest interim
measures with a number of First Nations in fall 2000. In conjunction with the Ministry of
Aboriginal Affairs, 21 agreements were reached, with the following First Nations:
Huu-ay-aht and Uchucklesaht; Westbank; Wetsuweten; Cowichan; Ditidaht and
Pacheedaht; Heiltsuk; Tsimshian Tribal Council; Kaska Dena; Tsay Keh Dene; Carrier Sekani
Tribal Council; Cariboo Tribal Council; Haisla; Council of the Haida Nation;
Tsleil-Waututh; Lower Similkameen; Neskonlith and Adams Lake; and Lheidli Tenneh and
the Nicola Tribal Association.
Many of the 21 agreements concluded involved forest-sector business arrangements among
First Nations, the province, Canada, licensees, training organizations, and
Certification of Forest Products Initiative
Certification of forest management took on new prominence within the B.C. forest sector
in 2000/01. First, increasing numbers of buyers of wood products ranging from wood
products manufacturers and pulp purchasers to home improvement retailers continue
to request that suppliers pursue certification to a range of environmental standards. Some
buyers have set procurement policies with deadlines in 2002 or 2003. Second, significant
numbers of forest product producers successfully achieved certification under one or more
systems during 2000/01. Given the public land ownership of the majority of the
provinces forest lands, the ministry has taken a strong policy and implementation
interest in preparing for certification to work effectively in B.C.
Certification is a voluntary, market-based instrument that requires a company to
demonstrate, through a third-party audit, that it conforms to one of a number of
|During this year in British Columbia, there were:
||18 new International Standards Organization (ISO) Environmental Management System
14001 Standard (ISO 14001) certifications (versus six in 1999/00),
||seven new Canadian Standards Association Sustainable Forest Management System
standards (CSA SFM Z808/Z809) certifications (versus two in 1999/00),
||two new international Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) International Principles and
Criteria certifications (no change), and
||two American Forest and Paper Associations Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI)
Program certifications (versus none the previous year).
In total, licensees responsible for the management of 19 million hectares and more than
30 per cent of the annual harvest volume in B.C. received certification under one or more
system during the past two years. Many other companies are actively preparing for
certification. The ministry has taken a lead role to encourage operators to prepare for
certification. It has also initiated an education program within government to ensure that
staff in all forest regions and districts are equipped to respond to licensees and
certifiers who require government data and contact to successfully complete
|Also during 2000/01, the ministry was extensively involved in helping
producers prepare for certification in the B.C. forest sector, and in encouraging
standards that are feasible, appropriate for the B.C. context, and globally equitable.
Among other activities, the ministry:
||participated on the CSA SFM national technical committee and contributed to the
2000/01 proposed formal revision of the standard to ensure increased clarity and
feasibility for certifiers and operators in the field,
||participated on the B.C. FSC Regional Standards development team, to provide input as
the FSC began to design a regional standard,
||reviewed and made recommendations about certifier checklists used by certifiers as
interim FSC standards,
||contributed to the national Canadian advisory committees on ISO environmental and
||launched a certification pilot program within the Small Business Forest Enterprise
Program (SBFEP), which includes more than 1,000 small-contract loggers, value-added
manufacturers, and a variety of small-tenure opportunities around the province,
||implemented four area-based certification pilots to test CSA, FSC and ISO
||implemented ISO 14001 in the Vancouver Forest Region (not yet certified).
With this work, the ministry met or made progress on all of its targets under this
initiative from the Business Plan 2000 - 2001.
Implement New Small Business Forest Enterprise
The Small Business Forest Enterprise Program (SBFEP) implemented a revised program
strategy in early 2000/01. This strategy continued past objectives of profitability for
government, and making timber available to a diverse profile of independent entrepreneurs.
This was one of the targets from the Business Plan 2000 - 2001.
In response to public and market expectations, a third focus for the program
sustainable forest management was given prominence this year. The strategy for the
province was incorporated into all forest region operations, and regional strategy
documents guide implementation.
The program continued to sell all available timber, offering more than 3,000 different
sales, ranging from a few cubic metres to 1 million m3. Program harvests continued to be
well above the average of the last 10 years, with the direct financial dividend to
government shrinking slightly due to poorer lumber and log markets and a large volume of
poorer-quality, beetle-damaged timber harvested in aid of pest management.
In sustainable forest management, the programs Business Plan target was to
implement an Environmental Management System for the SBFEP in all forest districts in
2000/01. That target was not met, but significant progress was made. The program developed
an Environmental Management System to both improve the ministrys ability to manage
the land base consistently, and to support forest management certification efforts under
ISO 14001 to maintain B.C.s place in world markets. The Environmental Management
System was piloted in the Vancouver Forest Region and at two Interior sites in the
Salmon Arm and Prince George forest districts. Extensive staff and licensee training was
undertaken and will continue during the next year to meet ISO 14001 standards.
The programs third Business Plan target is to have 60 per cent of all
sales in the Vancouver Forest Region come from alternative silviculture systems by the end
of 2005. In 2000/01, the Vancouver Forest Region was on target to meet a commitment to
increase the volume of new sales requiring a non-clearcutting harvest the target
being 60 per cent by 2005.
Bridge Replacement Initiative
Under this initiative, deteriorated bridges on Forest Service roads are replaced. These
bridges are necessary to keep the roads open for timber harvesting and fibre flow, forest
management, public access and safety, and environmental protection.
In 1996, Forest Renewal BC approved the $70 million Bridge Replacement Program for the
replacement, over a five-year period, of some 1,100 deteriorated bridges and major
culverts on Forest Service roads. Priority was given to structures on roads that were used
to access timber. Under the program, licensees either replaced the bridges themselves, or
contracted-out the work. As of March 31, 1999, having provided $30 million, Forest Renewal
BC withdrew funding for the program because it anticipated reductions in its projected
revenues, and had re-evaluated its core strategic objectives.
In July 1999, Treasury Board approved continuing the program and provided $15 million
to the ministry for 1999/00, and a commitment to provide $10 million in each of 2000/01
The Business Plan 2000 - 2001 target was to replace 140 bridge structures.
During 2000/01, 109 bridges and major culverts were replaced under this initiative, and
materials were purchased for several more bridges. Expenditures totalled approximately $9
million. The disparity between actual and planned expenditures was due to re-prioritizing
during the year, which resulted in fewer but more expensive structures being built within
the allocated budget.
Strategic Goal 3:
Be a strong, dynamic and adaptable organization focused on
achieving its strategic goals.
Strategic Management Framework Initiative
The ministry has now established four long-term goals that are derived both from its
mandate, as expressed in legislation and policies, and from broader provincial forest
policy objectives. During 2000/01, the ministry identified strategies to achieve the
objectives associated with these goals, and is now implementing them. It also met its Business
Plan 2000 - 2001 target of developing corporate performance measures and targets, by
March 31, 2001, to indicate how successful the ministry is in achieving its goals and
Details of the ministrys corporate performance measures and targets are provided
in the Performance Plan 2001/02 - 2003/04 (www.gov.bc.ca/for).
Training and Succession Planning Initiative
The ministry recognizes that an organizations capacity to learn and adapt to
changing conditions is essential for building and sustaining a competitive edge. To ensure
that the ministry is proactive in meeting its training and succession needs over the next
several years, it has identified $1 million in funding for training and succession
planning. The latter will involve identifying key positions and geographical locations,
and their associated competencies.
The ministry met its Business Plan 2000 - 2001 target of implementing a
prioritized training plan, within budget. The ministry partially met its target of
approving a succession plan model and implementing the initial steps: the model was
developed and approved, in principle, but was not implemented, because the financial
requirements still need to be reviewed.
Continuous Improvement Initiative
|The ministry continues its work to build a more sustainable,
cost-effective and strategic way to deliver its mandate and services with redesigned
business, management and leadership processes and practices. Its long-term objectives are
||improve performance in all areas of ministry business,
||be more responsive and adaptive in meeting public and government expectations and
||provide staff with the skills, tools, knowledge and ability they need to fulfill their
responsibility for ongoing performance improvement, and
||enhance partnerships and relationships with stakeholders.
|The results of this initiative to date include:
||time and cost savings in key business areas for both government and forest licensees,
||improved assessment and management of risk,
||better consistency and transparency of ministry business processes and practices,
||shared accountability for performance,
||the development of new leaders at all levels of the organization, which will help the
ministry deal with succession issues, and
||the emergence of a corporate culture that is intent on achieving ongoing performance
improvement in meeting strategic goals.
During 2000/01, the ministry exceeded its Business Plan 2000 - 2001 target of
delivering continuous improvement curriculum in three forest regions: by March 31, 2001,
curriculum was underway or had been delivered in four forest regions.
Equity and Diversity Initiative
One of the ministrys basic objectives is to integrate equity and diversity into
its day-to-day operations. To support this objective, ministry staff have been provided
with education and training on equity, diversity and discrimination prevention. Remedial
measures to address past inequities have been put in place.
|Business Plan 2000 - 2001 targets under this initiative were to:
||have new hires from designated (i.e., visible minority) groups reflect the
distribution of the overall provincial population,
||increase designated group representation in technical-, professional- and
management-level positions, and
||provide discrimination-prevention training to 100 per cent of ministry staff.
The ministry was unable to determine whether or not it had met its first target by the
end of 2000/01, because the BC Statistics report on the ministrys workforce profile
had not been released. The expectation was, however, that the target would not be met
because of limited staffing actions during 2000/01.
The second target under this initiative was also not met because of limited
out-of-service staffing actions during this year. Within that, there was found to be a
lack of qualified individuals within the designated groups for the technical and
professional positions that the ministry needed to fill.
In providing discrimination-prevention training, the ministry revised its target to 90
per cent at the end of the first quarter (June 30, 2000), because of difficulties
encountered in arranging for train-the-trainer sessions. By March 31, 2001, the revised
target had been exceeded: 93 per cent of ministry staff received the training this year.