Research Branch

See below to download.

A field guide to collecting cones of British Columbia conifers

Editor(s): F.T. Portlock
Source: Research Branch
Subject: Seeds and Pollen
Series: FRDA Handbook
Other details:  Published 1996. Hardcopy is available.


The need for a field guide to cone collecting has long been recognized by forestry staff involved in seed procurement. Several publications provide technical data on cone collection for individual species, including the Guide to Collecting Cones of British Columbia Conifers (1989) and the Seed and Vegetative Material Guidebook (1995) which forms part of the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia. However these publications do not describe in detail the actual procedures, that is "how to place cones in the bucket", required to plan and complete a successful cone collection operation. This need is further enhanced by the cyclic nature of cone crops and the turnover of forestry personnel which leads to loss of collection expertise from crop to crop.

The British Columbia Tree Seed Dealers Association (BCTSDA) is involved operationally in cone collecting. Its aim in preparing this field guide is to minimize, if not eradicate, many cone collection problems. The information in this field guide may also be applied to native plant seed collections. The chapters have been specifically designed to include information useful to field personnel and are based on personal experience and technical information. In preparing this field guide, the BCTSDA has recognized the need for further research into all aspects of forest tree seed collection. A glossary and a listing of references has been included in the appendix for additional information. In this endeavour, the BCTSDA worked in cooperation with the Pacific Forestry Centre (PFC)of the Canadian Forest Service (CFS)and the British Columbia Ministry of Forests (BCMOF).

Download FRHcone PDF file (1222 KB)

To view this document you need the current version of
Adobe Acrobat Reader, available free from the Adobe Web Site.

Updated October 24, 2008