1 Definition of a Silvicultural System 4 The Decision Process Appendix 1 Answer Key
2 Major Types of Systems 5 There's More to Learn Appendix 2 Advantages and Disadvantages
3 Variations of Major Types 6 Implementation Appendix 3 References


The "clearout" system, also know as the cut-and-run system, should not be confused with a silvicultural system. Throughout the early days of logging in any pristine North American forest, whole valleys and large tracts of private land were systematically clearcut from one end to another without any thought to regeneration, non-timber values, or sustainability. The central concept to this approach was that there was always somewhere else to go. Of course that somewhere else was often far away. This was evident as the loggers in the US moved from New England to the Lake States, to the Pacific Northwest. Eventually, the loggers found themselves staring at the Pacific Ocean with nowhere else to go.

Illustration of the clearout system.

The clearout system has given clearcutting a bad name for some time. Indeed, considerable effort has been expended in British Columbia on reforestation of backlog not satisfactorily restocked (NSR) land which was cut before obligations were legislated. Unlike the pure exploitation of the clearout system, the clearcut silvicultural system manages a stand for the long term.

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