Research Branch

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Symptoms and causes of distorted growth in immature forest stands in coastal British Columbia

Author(s) or contact(s): R.E. Carter and K. Klinka
Source: Research Branch
Subject: Forest Health
Series: Land Management Report
Other details:  Published 1986. Hardcopy is available.


Individual symptoms of undesirable growth form characteristics (distorted growth) in coastal Douglas-fir are presented and discussed in relation to their causes. The results of five studies are included. These studies examine the pattern of occurrence of distorted growth characteristics in relation to site ecological characteristics, genetics, and stand nutrition, age and density.

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Updated December 16, 2008