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Predator-ungulate relationships in second growth forests on Vancouver Island: problem analysis

Author(s) or contact(s): I.W. Hatter
Source: Research Branch
Subject: Wildlife
Series: Integrated Wildlife Intensive Forestry Research
Other details:  Published 1982. Hardcopy is available.


The effects and influences of predation on ungulates are reviewed. Predation is a significant source of mortality and influences the distribution and habitat selection of native ungulates.

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Updated November 26, 2008