Research Branch

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A Field Guide for the Identification and Interpretation of the Engelmann Spruce - Subalpine Fir Zone in the Prince Rupert Forest Region, B.C.

Author(s) or contact(s): D. Yole, T. Lewis, A.E. Inselberg, J. Pojar, and D. Holmes
Source: Research Branch
Subject: Ecosystems
Series: Land Management Handbook
Other details:  Published 1989. Hardcopy is available.


This field guide describes forest ecosystems and silvicultural interpretations for the Engelmann Spruce-Subalpine Fir Zone (ESSF) in the Prince Rupert Forest Region. The guide concentrates on three forested subzones: the ESSFi (Subcontinental Northern) subzone, the ESSFk (Continental Northern) subzone, and the ESSFI (Subcontinental Central) subzone.

Download Land Management Handbook 17 PDF file (complete document) (3545 KB)

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Updated May 11, 2007