Research Branch

Download Extension Note 71 PDF file below.

Sulphur Deficiencies in Lodgepole Pine: Occurrence, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Author(s) or contact(s): P. Sanborn and R.P. Brockley
Source: Research Branch
Subject: Fertilization
Series: Extension Note
Other details:  Published 2005. Hardcopy is available.


Sulphur (S) deficiencies are widespread in lodgepole pine stands in the British Columbia central interior. Low soil S availability can limit tree growth responses to nitrogen (N) fertilization. Refined diagnostic criteria and decision-making tools enable more reliable identification of stands that will respond to inclusion of S in fertilizer prescriptions. Most research and large-scale aerial fertilizer operations have used soluble sulphate-S sources, but evidence is accumulating that elemental-S provides equally satisfactory long-term amelioration of S deficiencies. New research is using stable isotope tracer methods to improve understanding of the fate and transformations of S fertilizers. For sites where fertilization may not be feasible, soil conservation is particularly important for preventing further losses of limited S.

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Updated April 18, 2007