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The ecology of the boreal white and black spruce zone

Author(s) or contact(s): BC Ministry of Forests - Research Branch
Source: Research Branch
Subject: Ecology
Series: Brochure
Other details:  Published 1996. Hardcopy is available.


The Boreal White and Black Spruce Zone forms part of a vast boreal forest that stretches across northern Canada from Newfoundland to the Yukon. In many ways, this zone fits the popular image of the Canadian north as a place with large areas of unspoiled wilderness, long cold winters, and abundant wildlife. Forests and muskeg dominate the land-scape, and moose, caribou, bears, and wolves are plentiful, along with black flies and mosquitoes.

The Boreal White and Black Spruce Zone covers most of the Alberta Plateau in British Columbia's northeast, as well as lower elevations in the central north, and west to the Tatshenshini. One of the largest ecological zones in British Columbia, the Boreal White and Black Spruce Zone covers about 10 percent of the province's total land area. It includes the communities of Fort St. John, Fort Nelson, Telegraph Creek, Dease Lake, and Atlin.

Funding provided by Forest Renewal BC.

Download Brochure 49 (548 KB)

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Updated October 16, 2008