What is biological diversity?
Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the full variety of life — the breadth of the gene pool, the richness of species, the array of ecosystems and the processes that maintain this variety.
Why maintain biodiversity?
By maintaining biodiversity we:
- enable existing ecosystems to withstand environmental changes,
- allow new resources to develop,
- preserve B.C.'s natural wealth of living organisms for the benefit and enjoyment of future generations.
The Protected Areas Strategy will help maintain biodiversity by conserving representative examples of ecosystems. This is critical but not enough to ensure the continued existence of all species. To maintain ecosystems and species across their historical ranges, we must also protect biodiversity in areas designated for resource management.
This pamphlet outlines approaches to maintaining biodiversity in managed forests by maintaining habitat patterns and attributes. The focus is on managing habitats because it is not possible to manage for all species individually. Such approaches can also:
- provide habitat for organisms such as fungi, bacteria and invertebrates,
- maintain diverse gene pools,
- maintain the processes that support biodiversity and healthy ecosystems.
Funding for the Internet version was provided by Forest Renewal BC.
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Updated October 16, 2008