Forest Investment Account

Abstract of TERP Project #4-8

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Review of rangeland condition and management on Salmon River Reserve No. 1

Author(s): White, Jim
Imprint: Knutsford, B.C. Rangelands Associates, 2002
Subject: Restoration Ecology, British Columbia, Grassland ecology, Forest Investment Account (FIA)
Series: Terrestrial Ecosystem Restoration Program Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Land Base Investment Program


Fire suppression combined with cattle grazing and noxious weed invasion have caused grassland ecosystem degradation on Salmon River Indian Reserve #1. It was identified that the grasslands needed changes to the management regime if they were ever to be utilized as they were historically. This project is the first substantial effort of the Spallumcheen Indian Band to become involved in restoration. The objective for year one was to clarify the extent of degradation and identify target areas where restoration efforts will be effective and economical. This entailed assessing 419 hectares of grassland and developing a restoration plan. The assessment involved various data collection to determine the sources and extent of degradation, and current vegetation composition. The data and knowledge collected was used to help set restoration targets and prescriptions for multi-scale restoration of the IDFxh1 grassland ecosystem. Specific restoration goals described in the restoration plan include: 1. reduction in the number of exotic plant species, 2. maintenance or restoration of ecological processes, habitats and species in the ecosystem, 3. promotion of sustainable forage production for wildlife and cattle. It is hoped to reintroduce fire within 5-10 years, after the noxious weeds have been reduced and native grasses have had sufficient time to recover.
Two reports were produced for this project and are available from the Ministry library: 1. White, J. 2002. Review of Rangeland Condition and Management on Salmon River Reserve No. 1. Rangelands Associates, Knutsford, BC. 2. Davis, H. & R. Weir. 2002. Restoration of IDFxh1 Grasslands in the Clcahl Traditional Territory of the Splats’in People
Year one final report: assessment and planning. Artemis Wildlife Consultants, Armstrong, BC
Project Name: Restoration of IDFxh1 grasslands in the Clcahl traditional territory of the Splats’in People, #4-8
Project Proponent: Spallumcheen Indian Band
Key Words: grassland restoration, restoration plan, IDFxh1, cultural restoration

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Updated July 25, 2006 

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