Mountain hemlock

Tsuga mertensiana
Mountain hemlock Mountain hemlock

A subalpine tree with only a slightly drooping leader or top; rarely grows more than 30 metres tall and is often stunted at high elevations.

Mountain hemlock leaves

Needles are uniform in size, glossy, and yellow-green to deep bluish-green. They cover the branches densely on all sides or may be mostly upturned.
Mountain hemlock cone
Mountain hemlock bark Cones
Seed cones are light to deep purple (sometimes green), narrow at each end and longer than those of western hemlock. Pollen cones are bluish.

Dark reddish-brown, cracked and grooved into narrow ridges.

Where to find mountain hemlock
It grows at mid elevations to timberline in the coastal mountains and at low elevations further north. In the Interior, it grows in the Cariboo, Selkirk and Monashee mountains.
Where to find mountain hemlock
Mountain hemlock grows with amabilis fir and yellow-cedar on the coast and Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir in the Interior. It is found in areas that have a deep, insulating snowpack that accumulates early in the fall; it probably cannot grow where the soil freezes. It also grows in bogs along the mid to north coast.

Commercial uses include small dimension lumber and pulp.

Mertensiana is named for Franz Karl Mertens, a German botanist.

Previous <<    >> Next