Forest Investment Account

Abstract of FIA Project 200129

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AOA [archaeological overview assessment] model project: year 1 progress summary

Author(s): Christie, Dave; Tolko Industries
Imprint: Louis Creek, B.C.: Tolko Industries Limited, 2003
Subject: Forest Investment Account (FIA), Archaeological Surveying, British Columbia, Indians of North America, Forests and forestry
Series: Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Land Base Investment Program - Innovative


Current provincial legislation requires the management of forests in a manner that balances the social and cultural needs of First Nations. Proposed forest development plan (FDP) activities such as roads and cutblocks must therefore be assessed to ensure both the protection of cultural heritage resources and that archaeological sites are managed for, protected and conserved. Archaeological Overview Assessment (AOA) models are key tools used to guide assessment work by predicting the potential to find archaeological sites. An initial Archaeological Overview Assessment (AOA) model was created in 1995 by Archaeology Branch in Victoria for the Kamloops LRMP process (the '1995 Model'), which encompasses the Kamloops Timber Supply Area (KTSA). This model was created at a scale of 1:250,000 and was based primarily upon proximity to known archaeological sites. In 1998, Archaeology Branch improved the model by moving it to an operational scale of 1:20,000 (the '1998 Model'). These revisions were made for the following reasons: 1) to involve First Nations more directly in the assessment process and in conducting archaeological assessments; 2) to improve the precision with which the model predicts the occurrence of archaeological evidence in proposed FDP areas by incorporating traditional use and cultural information along with other environmental data; 3) to make the process more cost effective and efficient; and 4) to increase the operational accuracy of the model primarily by improving the scale of the input data from an overview scale of 1:250,000 to an operational planning scale of 1:20,000. At the request of the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council (SNTC), the 1998 Model was further refined in 1999 (The '1999 Revised-Model') to include additional information that SNTC felt was relevant to First Nations' traditional use. The 1999 Revised-Model was a considerable improvement upon the 1995 Model as it was created using a significantly larger number of attributes at an improved scale. A Kamloops Timber Supply Area (KTSA) AOA Subcommittee comprised of members from industry, Ministry of Forests and First Nations developed a process to implement the 1999 Revised-Model. The AOA committee has evolved into a Steering Committee to oversee, monitor and review the implementation of the 1999 Revised-Model which was initiated on May 16th 02 with a letter to Industry from the Steering Committee. The effective date of the model was June 1, 2002 and was relevant for any field work not substantially completed by that date. AOA Model Project: Year 1 Progress Report The 1999 Revised-Model was developed to increase opportunities for First Nations communities to participate in archaeological work within their traditional territories. The 1999 Revised-Model and process included specific on the ground archaeological information collected and incorporated into the model for tracking and updating. The model is made up of 5 'risk' or probability categories which classify the probability of finding archaeological evidence. Comparing field assessment results against the model data was intended to assist with testing the existing logic statements and help to reduce the number of risk categories from 5 to 3 for simplicity. The goals of the 2002-03 fiscal year included the collation of archaeological assessment records. Two different types of assessments were reviewed; the first type of assessments were completed using the 1995 Model and the second type were completed using the 1999 Revised-Model assessment process and field forms designed by the AOA Steering Committee. Other goals for the 2002- 03 year were to update the 1999 Revised-Model and maps by incorporating improved data sets and adding cartographic features to the maps. Final goals were to revise existing field survey forms, to create a digital data entry template for standardized entry of field survey results and to develop a query option to generate summary reports of field assessments for Licensees. For the 2003-04 fiscal year, collating archaeological assessment results with their incorporation into the Archaeological Assessment Database (AAD) will be a continuous process. Assessment data not available for entry in the 2003-03 fiscal year will be entered in 2003-04. FDP data collection and consolidation will be completed and linked to the AAD. A process will be developed for standardized data entry and centralized storage. A comparative analysis of the field assessment results versus model predictions should be completed with the goal of editing the model to improve it's precision. Automation of field data collection through use of Palm Pilot type devices and GPS technology will be investigated. Further refinements of the 1999 Revised-Model will be achieved through the incorporation of improved data and through possible revisions to logic statements.
Dave Christie.

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Updated August 02, 2006 

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