II. OBJECTIVES IN REGULATIONS:
These objectives are set in
Sec. 149, (FRPA) of
Forest and Range Practices Act, Objectives set by government (OSBG) and apply province-wide, and are the most general type of objectives:
"(1) The Lieutenant Governor in Council may make regulations prescribing objectives in relation to one or more of the following subjects:
(a) soils; (b) visual quality; (c) timber; (d) forage and associated plant communities; (e) water; (f) fish; (g) wildlife; (h) biodiversity; (i) recreation resources; (j) resource features; (k) cultural heritage resources.
(2) In case of an inconsistency between
(a) an objective set by government prescribed under this section, and
(b) an objective referred to in paragraph (b) of the definition of "objectives set by government" in section 1 (1), the latter objective prevails to the extent of the inconsistency."
Sec. 12 (4) (FPPR) Objectives in regulations must be consistent with any land use objective (LUO), otherwise, to the extent of any conflict, the LUO prevails.
Sec 5 (FPPR), of
Forest Planning and Practices Regulation, OSBG for soils for forest practices:
Sec. 6 (FPPR), OSBG for timber
Sec. 7 (FPPR), OSBG for wildlife
Sec. 8 (FPPR), OSBG for water, fish, wildlife and biodiversity in riparian areas
Sec. 8.1 (FPPR), OSBG for fish habitat in fisheries sensitive watersheds (Feb. 24, 2005)
Sec. 8.2 (FPPR), OSBG for water in community watersheds (Feb. 24, 2005)
Sec. 9 (FPPR), OSBG for wildlife and biodiversity at landscape level
Sec. 9 (1) (FPPR) OSBG for wildlife and biodiversity at stand level
Sec. 9 (2) (FPPR) OSBG for visual quality
Sec. 10 (FPPR), OSBG for cultural heritage resources
Sec. 6 (RPPR), of
Range Planning and Practices Regulation, OSBG for soils for range practices:
Sec.7 (RPPR), OSBG for forage
Sec. 8 (RPPR), OSBG for water
Sec. 9 (RPPR), OSBG for fish
Sec. 10 (RPPR), OSBG for wildlife
Sec. 11 (RPPR), OSBG for biodiversity
Sec. 9 (WLPPR) of
Woodlot Licence Planning and Practice Regulations refers to the established objectives for woodlots
Intent: Objectives in regulations are intended to provide goalposts for managing and protecting FRPA values. Results and strategies in operational plans must address and be consistent with these objectives. In addition forest stewardship plans (FSP) must specify results and strategies for other objectives such as land use objectives and objectives enabled in regulation.
Changing Objectives: New or modified objectives in regulation are established through the legislative drafting and amendment process. Objectives in regulations cannot be changed or alternatives proposed at a local level.
III. OBJECTIVES ENABLED BY REGULATIONS:
Objectives enabled by regulation are established by the appropriate Minister, or their delegate, for a specified area. These are the most specific of all objectives, although they are not stated in the regulations, the legislation gives authority to the Ministers, or their delegate, to establish them for various types of areas.
Legislation that gives authority to the Ministers, or their delegate, to establish objectives enabled by regulation: Part 9 (FRPA) power to make regulations
- Sec. 56 (FRPA), forest site, a recreation site or a recreation trail
Sec. 149 (1) (FRPA), ungulate winter range, wildlife habitat areas and general wildlife measures
Sec. 150 (FRPA), community watersheds
Sec. 150 (1) (FRPA), watersheds with significant downstream fisheries values and significant watershed sensitivity
Sec. 150 (2) (FRPA), lakeshore management zones and objectives
Sec. 150 (3) (FRPA), scenic areas and visual quality objectives
Sec. 181 (FRPA), grandparenting objectives
Sec. 12 (RPPR), other range objectives
GAR Government Actions Regulation: authorization to take action:
Sec. 5 resource features &
Sec. 19 transitions;
Sec. 6 lakeshore management and objectives;
Sec. 7 scenic areas and visual quality objectives; and the transitions in
visual class and
Sec. 18 categories of landscape modification apply to continued visual quality objectives
community watersheds and water quality objectives; and transitions in
Sec. 9 general wildlife measures;
Sec. 10 wildlife habitat areas and objectives;
Sec. 11 wildlife habitat features;
Sec. 12 ungulate winter range and objectives;
Sec. 13 species at risk, regionally important wildlife and ungulate species;
Sec. 14 fisheries sensitive watersheds and objectives;
Sec. 15 temperature sensitive streams
Establishment: The objectives enabled by regulation come into effect through government actions. In establishing these objectives, the appropriate Minister must:
- Identify the location of the objective and the date the objective takes effect,
- File the objective at the closest MoFR regional office (Nanaimo),
- Place a notice on the relevant Ministry's web site and in the BC Gazette.
The appropriate Minister may designate areas, establish objectives for these areas, and establish measures or features. The following Ministers can designate areas and establish objectives enabled by regulations:
- Ministry of Agriculture and Lands / Integrated Land Management Bureau (ILMB):
- Currently* there are no designated scenic areas established by ILMB in the SIFD.
- There are however, designated scenic areas established and grandparented by MoFR.
- Designate Community Watersheds:
- Ministry of Environment: (MoE)
- Establish Water Quality Objectives in community watersheds:
- Objectives for water quality were established by MoE for the the SIFD area in
Sec. 8.2 (FPPR) on Feb. 24, 2005, and they are effective immediately.
- For more details on the objectives follow the SIFD Water objectives link.
- Designate areas and establish objectives for Fisheries Sensitive Watersheds (FSW):
- Currently* there are a number of designated fisheries sensitive watersheds grandparented in the SIFD,
- Objectives for fish habitat and for fisheries sensitive watersheds were established by MoE for the the SIFD area in
Sec. 8.1 (FPPR) on Feb. 24, 2005, and they are effective immediately.
- For more details on fisheries sensitive watershed designations and objectives follow the SIFD Fish objectives link.
- Designate Wildlife Habitat Areas (WHA) and establish objectives for these areas:
- Designate Ungulate Winter Range (UWR) and establish objectives for these areas:
- Establish categories of Species at Risk (SAR) for species that are endangered, threatened or vulnerable:
- Establish categories of Regionally Important Species (RIS) where species are important to a region of BC and may be adversely impacted by forest and range practice:
- Establish categories of Specified Ungulate Species (SUS) for which an ungulate winter range is required for winter survival of the species:
- Establish General Wildlife Measures (GWM) for specified areas and categories of Species at Risk, Regionally Important Species and Specified Ungulate Species:
- Identify Categories of Wildlife Habitat Features (CWHF) to protect certain bird nests, significant mineral lick and other localized habitat features:
- For more information on Identified wildlife management strategies visit the WLAP web site
- Ministry of Forests and Range: (MoFR):
- Designate and establish objectives for interpretive forest sites (IFS), recreation sites (RS) and recreation trails (RT):
- Establish resource features:
- Designate and establish objectives for Lakeshore Management Zones (LMZ):
- Establish Visual Quality Objectives (VQO) for Scenic Areas.
- Ministry of Tourism Sports and Arts: (MoTSA):
- On January 1, 2006 the Ministry of Tourism, Sport and the Arts took over responsibility for forest recreation sites and trails from the Ministry of Forests and Range.
Intent: these objectives guide effective forest management, for specific resource values, at the local level.
Changing Objectives: Designations and objectives can be established, varied or cancelled by the appropriate minister. The Minister of Forests and Range can delegate these authorities.
GRANDPARENTED DESIGNATIONS & OBJECTIVES:
- Existing objectives established under the Forest Practices Code are grandparented to FRPA as objectives enabled by regulations
Sec. 180 (FRPA), grandparenting specified designations :
- "Every area established or continued under the Code as:
(a) an ungulate winter range,
(b) a wildlife habitat area,
(c) a scenic area,
(d) an emergency bark beetle management area,
(e) a community watershed,
(f) an area with significant downstream fisheries values,
(g) an area with significant watershed sensitivity,
(h) a lakeshore management zone,
(i) an interpretive forest site,
(j) a recreation site,
(k) a recreation trail, or
(l) a forest ecosystem network
that was in effect immediately before the effective date is continued under this Act."
Sec. 181 (FRPA), grandparenting objectives
- "All objectives in respect of areas continued under section 180 that were in effect immediately before the effective date are continued as objectives under this Act."
Sec. 182 (FRPA), general wildlife measures
"All general wildlife measures that were
(a) established under the Code and the Code regulations, and
(b) in effect immediately before the effective date
are continued as general wildlife measures under this Act."
Cumulative Impact: When establishing objectives, the appropriate Minister, or delegate must consider the impact of the proposed objective on the provincial timber supply and cumulative impact on rights granted to timber, woodlot or range agreement holders.
Sec. 19, (FPPR) Division 2.1. Cumulative effect of multiple forest stewardship plans
For the purpose of section 9 [proportional objectives] of the Act, the minister may establish targets referred to in that section, if, where there are likely to be multiple forest stewardship plans within an area,
(a) one or more agreement holders may be unduly constrained in the specifying of results or strategies in the holder's plan unless targets are established under section 9 of the Act,
(b) the agreement holders within the area are unable to reach an agreement that would remove the constraints referred to in paragraph (a),
(c) an agreement holder subject to a constraint referred to in paragraph (a) requests the minister to act under section 9 of the Act, and
(d) the minister is satisfied that a fair and effective order can be made under this section."
New Objectives: Once a new objective has been in place for at least four months:
- New operational plans must contain results and strategies to address the new objective if applicable to the area under the plan
- Existing operational plans must be amended to address the new objective if applicable to the area under the plan
- The government can reduce this four month period for some objectives.
Because of the complexity of objectives that exist in BC, the ministries responsible for FRPA identified a need to examine the hierarchy of objectives that apply in planning areas and provide information to licensees.
FTP site for supporting documents:
The Objectives Matrix: contains various objectives and their hierarchy, specific to the South Island Forest District.
Other FRPA values: select form the list below:
- Timber including Forest Health
- Cultural Heritage Resources
- Resource Features
- Recreation Resources
- Visual Quality
- Forage and Associated Plant Communities