Ministry of ForestsGovernment of British Columbia
Coast Forest Region
Legislation Table of ContentsContact Information for the South Island Forest District
Objectives for Biodiversity ver.: 3.9
Site Contents
SIFD Home Page  
Web site Index  
Stewardship
A. Objectives Matrix Introduction
B. Objectives set by Government for the FRPA Values
C. Objectives Matrix Site Content List
D. Objectives Matrix FTP Site
1 Soils
2 Timber including Forest Health
3 Wildlife
4 Fish
5 Water
6 Biodiversity
7 Cultural Heritage Resources
8 Resources Features
9 Recreation Resources
10 Visual Quality
11 Forage & Associated Plant Communities
Other Links
FRPA Training Web site
FRPA resource evaluation program
Forest and Range Practices Act site

 

 


How to use this web site and where to find information:

1. The Objectives Matrix Biodiversity page contains Objectives set by Government, relevant legislation sections, documents, maps, and useful web links along with a rational in a hierarchical order, specific for the South Island Forest District Planning Area.

2. The Biodiversity Elements under the Forest and Range Practices Act (FRPA) include: land use objectives (LUO); maximum cutblock size (MCS); harvesting adjacent to another cutblock (HAAC); wildlife tree retention (WTR); wildlife tree patch management (WTP & WTM); coarse woody debris (CWD); seral stage distribution (SSD); old growth management areas (OGMA); established OGMA; draft OGMA; forest ecosystem networks (FEN). Definitions for terms used in regulations can be found in the FPPR Interpretation section.

3. If you are only interested in viewing or downloading the relevant documents, Maps or GIS files, use the Objectives Matrix Table of Content for Biodiversity web page.

4. You can also access or download biodiversity related files directly from the Matrix Biodiversity FTP site.

Using this site is subject to the disclaimer at the bottom of this page.

Note: this page is updated with the December 13, 2004 (objectives matrix Ver: 3.1) February 24, 2005 (Ver: 3.2) March 2005 (Ver: 3.3) , 2006 (Ver: 3.4), February 16, 2007 (Ver: 3.5), May 10, 2007 (Ver: 3.6), Nov 15, 2007 (Ver:3.7), 2009 (Ver: 3.8), 2012 (Ver: 3.9) amendments to FRPA and regulations.

  • The sign:indicates that new information has been added.
  • The sign: indicates that the page or a section has been modified or updated on February 16th, 2012.

SUMMARY OF HIERARCHY:

  • Responsible Agency: the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations (FLNR) is mandated to address biodiversity values.
  • Hierarchy of Direction: FRPA provides the foundation for directions, however other legal direction can augment or replace.
    • Currently the VILUP identifies enhanced forestry zones (EFZ) (EFZ Map), special management zones (SMZ) and resource management zones (RMZ) with specific biodiversity issues in the SIFD. For more detail read the land use objectives section.
  • Rationale for Hierarchy of Direction: This is the direction that reflects hierarchy (refine; replace; adds to; consistent with; or no conflicts) when more than one objective exists in a particular area for a particular element:
    • Currently there are no conflicting objectives referring to biodiversity values within the higher level plans (HLP) and objectives set by government (OSBG), however if a land use objective conflicts with an objective, guidance can be found in Sec. 12 (4), (5) and (6) of the FPPR .
  • Area of Application: defined geographic extent, sub-set of planning area:
    • The biodiversity objectives apply to the entire South Island Natural Resource District (SINRD) area.
    • The enhanced forestry zones (EFZ) the special management zones (SMZ) and resource management zones (RMZ) and the Clayoquot Sound Plan Area have additional requirements.

BREAKDOWN OF DIRECTION:

I. LAND USE OBJECTIVES:

I.-A) Objectives Established Under the LAND ACT section 93.4 and LAND USE OBJECTIVES Regulation

I.-A1) Clayoquot Sound Land Use Objectives:

  • The Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations (previously the Ministry of Agriculture and Lands / Integrated Land Management Bureau (ILMB) is responsible for developing new plans for the management of Crown land and natural resources as well as well as maintenance of BC's existing land use planning.
  • An Order establishing Land Use Objectives for Clayoquot Sound (click on link to see order) was signed on May 28, 2008 by the Coast ILMB Regional Executive Director, RED. The order was published in the BC Gazette on June 26th, 2008 and posted on a required web site is now in effect for the area outlined in the Clayoquot Sound Area Map
  • The Sec 3(1) of the above order stipulates to "Maintain .... biological diversity ..... by maintaining forest ecosystems in Clayoquot Sound in accordance with the principles of sustainable ecosystem management as defined by the Scientific Panel and as embodied in the Clayoquot Sound Watershed Plans..."
  • For more information please contact FLNRO or consult the Integrated Land Management Bureau (ILMB) Land Use Plan site or the ILMB Clayoquot Land Use Decisions web site:
  • Important to note that: the Clayoquot Sound Scientific Panel Report recommendations are not legally binding however the Land Use Objectives established under the Order are objectives set by government for the purposes of FRPA.

Effective Date and Transition Provisions:

I.-B) Objectives Established in Higher Level Plans (HLP) Under Sec. 3 (1) & (2) of the Forest Practices Code of BC Act:

  • Legal objectives and strategies contained within approved Higher Level Plans (HLP)
  • Currently* the Vancouver Island Land Use Plan (VILUP) is the higher level plan in the SIFD,
  • The Higher Level Plan Order signed on October 2000 establishes the legally binding objectives,
  • The land use objectives referring to biodiversity in the higher level plans for the SIFD are outlined in the VILUP Higher Level Plan Order in the following sections:
  • "II.) Pursuant to section 3(2) of the Act, the following provisions are Resource Management Zone objectives:
  • A.) for Special Management Zones 1 through 14 and 17 through 22:
    • 1.) Sustain forest ecosystem structure and function in SMZs, by:
      • (a) creating or maintaining stand structures and forest attributes associated with mature and old forest, subject to the following:
      • i.) the target for mature seral forest should range between one quarter to one third of the forested area of each SMZ; and
      • ii.) in SMZs where the area of mature forest is currently less than the mature target range referred to in (i) above, the target amount of mature forest must be in place within 50 years;
      • (b) retain, within cutblocks, structural forest attributes and elements with important biological functions; and
      • (c) apply a variety of silvicultural systems, patch sizes and parch shapes across the zone, subject to a maximum cutblock size of 5 ha if clearcut, clearcut with reserves or seed tree silvicultural systems are applied, and 40 ha if shelterwood, selection or retention silvicultural systems are applied.
    • 2.) Despite subsection 1(c) above, cutblocks larger than 5 or 40 ha, as the case may be, may be approved if harvesting is being carried out to recover timber that was damaged by fire, insects, wind or other similar events and wherever possible, the cutblock incorporates structural characteristics of natural disturbances.
  • B.) for Special Management Zones 13 (note: only SMZ in the SIFD are listed here), as shown on Map 2:
    • 4.) Maintain late-succession habitat elements and attributes of biodiversity in forested ecosystems with emphasis on regionally rare and underrepresented ecosystems, by retaining old seral forest at the site series/surrogate level representation.
    • 5.) Retain late-succession habitat elements and attributes of biodiversity in patches of variable size.
  • D.) for all Enhanced Forestry Zones, as shown on Map 1, save and except the parts of those zones which are designated as community watersheds as defined in section 41 (8) of the Act:
  • 7.) To increase short-term availability of timber,

    (a) a cutblock may be larger than 40 ha pursuant to section 11(2)(a) of the OPR; and

    (b) pursuant to section 68(4) of the OPR, a cutblock is greened-up if it is adequately stocked and the average height of those trees that are

    (i) the tallest tree in each 0.01 ha plot included in a representative sample, and

    (ii) a commercially valuable species or other species acceptable to the district manager

    is at least 1.3 meters; unless the district manager determines that a cutblock referred under (a) or (b) would significantly impact specific hydrological, wildlife, biodiversity, scenic or recreation values.

  • F.) for Resource Management Zone 42:
    • 11.) Retain old seral forest in CWHvm1 in accordance with the full old seral target of 13 per cent for the variant.
    • 11.1) despite objective 11, up to one third of the old seral target may be recruited from second growth provided that

    (a) such recruitment is necessary to avoid severe social and economic consequences;

    (b) such recruitment will not impact the ability to conserve suitable habitat identified wildlife in accordance with Identified Wildlife Strategy; and

    (c) ecologically suitable second growth forest is identified to recruit the shortfall.

  • J.) for Resource Management Zones 43 (Sarita)

    15.) Retain old growth forests to meet old seral targets and marbled murrelet habitat requirements in non-contributing land base to the fullest extent possible

    16.) Beyond retention in the non-contributing land base, retain old forests in the timber harvesting land base, up to the full target amount, if the district manager and the designated environmental official determine that such retention is required to maintain critical marbled murrelet habitat."

    • For spatial location of the EFZ please see: EFZ Map
  • The Vancouver Island Summary Land Use Plan (VISLUP & Appendix), although not a legal document, provides some guidance to implementing the order.

I.-C) Objectives Established Under Sec. 4 of Forest Practices Code of BC Act:

I.-C1) Draft Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs)
For the purposes of Sec. 8 of the Order Establishing Provincial Non-Spatial Old Growth Objectives
, the following landscape units have identified Draft Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs) meeting the intent of the Provincial Non-Spacial Old Growth Objectives.

Please note that *these draft OGMAs are not the legal establishment of these OGMAs.
This identification is only for the purposes of preparing results or strategies in a Forest Stewardship Plan related to the Old Growth Order.
If you have any questions regarding this identification please call Ron Cotton at 250-751-7258 or check the FLNRO (use to be ILMB) web site for the most current Section 8 Notice Listings.

  • East Coast - South Planning Area* Location: Chemainus, Cowichan, Koksilah, Metchosin, Shawnigan and Victoria/Saanich Landscape Units
  • East Coast - North Planning Area* Location: Rosewall, Little Qualicum, French Creek, Englishman, Nanoose, Millstone and Nanaimo Landscape Units

I.-C2) Established Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs) and Wildlife Tree Retention (WTR)
Presently for the South Island Natural Resource District area the following old growth management areas and wildlife tree retention objectives are legally established:
Important note: for an up to date list please verify with the Integrated Land Management Bureau (ILMB) web site.

  • The Sproat Lake Landscape Unit has an Order to Establish a Landscape Unit and Objectives, signed and effective July 18, 2005. You can download and view the order and supporting documents:

I.-D) Objectives Established Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs) and Wildlife Tree Retention (WTR) through Sustainable Resource Management Plans under Section 93.4 of the Land Act and the Land Use Objectives Regulation:

I.-E) Objectives Established for Old Growth Management Areas (OGMAs) within the Douglas-fir moist maritime - CDFmm Biogeoclimatic Subzone:

II. OBJECTIVES IN REGULATIONS:

  • These objectives are set in Sec. 149 of the FRPA, Forest and Range Practices Act, objectives set by government (OSBG) and apply province-wide, and are the most general type of objectives.
  • Sec. 9 (FPPR) Objectives set by government for wildlife and biodiversity - landscape level

    "The objective set by government for wildlife and biodiversity at the landscape level is, without unduly reducing the supply of timber from British Columbia's forests and to the extent practicable, to design areas on which timber harvesting is to be carried out that resemble, both spatially and temporally, the patterns of natural disturbance that occur within the landscape."

  • Sec. 9.1 (FPPR) Objectives set by government for wildlife and biodiversity - stand level (Dec. 13, 2004)

    "The objective set by government for wildlife and biodiversity at the stand level is, without unduly reducing the supply of timber from British Columbia's forests, to retain wildlife trees."

  • Sec. 11 (RPPR) Objectives set by government for biodiversity for range practices are:

    "The objectives set by government for biodiversity are as follows:

    (a) conserve biodiversity;

    (b) maintain native plant community dynamics;

    (c) encourage the development of late seral plant communities or other desired plant communities;

    (d) maintain plant communities consistent with natural successional stages on areas where forage seeding is carried out within transitory range areas."

Intent: Objectives in regulations are intended to provide goalposts for managing and protecting FRPA values. Results and strategies in operational plans must address and be consistent with these objectives.

Changing Objectives: New or modified objectives in regulation are established through the legislative drafting and amendment process. Objectives in regulations cannot be changed or alternatives proposed at a local level.

III. OBJECTIVES ENABLED by REGULATIONS:

Objectives enabled by regulation are established by the appropriate Minister, or their delegate, for a specified area. These are the most specific of all objectives, although they are not stated in the regulations, the legislation gives authority to the Ministers, or their delegate, to establish them for various types of areas.

Establishment: The Objectives enabled by regulation come into effect through government actions.

IV. GRANDPARENTED DESIGNATIONS& OBJECTIVES:

Existing objectives established under the Forest Practices Code (FPC) will be grandparented to FRPA as objectives enabled by regulations

    • Forest ecosystem networks (FEN):
    • Unless revised by subsequent statutory decision maker notification; the FENs established under the approved Management Plans for TFL 44 and TFL 46 are the only known FENs for submissions in the SIFD
    • For location contact TFL 44 and TFL 46 licensees for the most up to date maps.
    • FENs related supporting documents are:

V. Requirements in FPPR for biodiversity are:

If a person who prepares a forest stewardship plan (FSP) chooses to conform to the requirements of Sec. 64, Sec. 65, Sec. 66 & Sec. 67 of the FPPR, the person does not have to include results and strategies for objectives set out in Sec. 9 (FPPR). These requirements (default results and strategies) include:

  • Biodiversity at Landscape Level:

Sec. 64 (FPPR) Maximum cutblock size

"(1) If an agreement holder other than a holder of a minor tenure harvests timber in a cutblock, the holder must ensure that the size of the net area to be reforested for the cutblock does not exceed

(a) 40 hectares, for the areas described in the Forest Regions and Districts Regulation that are listed in Column 1

Column 1: 40 hectares

Column 2: 60 hectares

Coast Forest Region

 

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an agreement holder where

(a) timber harvesting

(i) is being carried out on the cutblock

(A) to recover timber damaged by fire, insect infestation, wind or other similar events, or

(B) for sanitation treatments, or

(ii) is designed to be consistent with the structural characteristics and the temporal and spatial distribution of an opening that would result from a natural disturbance, and

(b) the holder ensures, to the extent practicable, that the structural characteristics of the cutblock after timber harvesting has been substantially completed resemble an opening that would result from a natural disturbance.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply if the timber harvesting that is being carried out on the cutblock retains 40% or more of basal area of the stand that was on the cutblock before timber harvesting.

(4) Subsection (1) does not apply if no point within the net area to be reforested is

(a) more than two tree lengths from either

(i) the cutblock boundary, or

(ii) a group of trees reserved from harvesting that is greater than or equal to 0.25 ha in size, or

(b) more than one tree length from a group of trees reserved from timber harvesting that is less than 0.25 ha in size."

Sec. 65 (FPPR) Harvesting adjacent to another cutblock

"(1) In this section:

"adjacent" means an area that is sufficiently close to a cutblock that, due to its location, could directly impact on, or be impacted by, a forest practice carried out within the cutblock;

"existing cutblock" means a cutblock that was previously harvested under an agreement other than a minor tenure;

"new cutblock" means a cutblock on which harvesting has not yet started and that is adjacent to an existing cutblock;

"non-conforming portion" means an area within an existing cutblock on which the stocking and height requirements of subsection (3) have not been met.

(2) An agreement holder other than a holder of a minor tenure must not harvest timber on a new cutblock, unless

(a) all existing cutblocks that are adjacent to the new cutblock meet the requirements set out in subsection (3), or

(b) the combined area of the new cutblock and any non-conforming portions that are immediately adjacent to the new cutblock does not exceed the requirements relating to cutblock size set out in section 64 (1) [maximum cutblock size].

(3) For the purpose of subsection (2) (a), an existing cutblock must meet the criteria set out in one of the following paragraphs:

(a) at least 75% of the net area to be reforested of the existing cutblock is stocked such that the average height of the tallest 10% of the trees on the area is a minimum of 3 m and

(i) is stocked in accordance with the applicable stocking standards, as described under section 16 [stocking standards],

(ii) if the area is on the Coast, other than the Nass timber supply area, is stocked with at least 500 trees/ha of a commercially valuable species that are at least 1.3 m in height, or

(iii) if the area is in the Interior or in the Nass timber supply area, is stocked with at least 700 trees/ha of a commercially valuable species that are at least 1.3 m in height;

(b) the part of the net area to be reforested of the existing cutblock that is closest to the new cutblock

(i) must be at least half of the net area to be reforested,

(ii) is stocked such that the average height of the tallest 10% of the trees on the area is a minimum of 3 m, and

(iii) is stocked

(A) in accordance with the applicable stocking standards for that cutblock, as described under section 16,

(B) if the area is on the Coast, other than the Nass timber supply area, with at least 500 trees/ha of a commercially valuable species that are at least 1.3 m in height, or

(4) Subsection (2) does not apply if section 64 (2), (3) or (4) apply to the new cutblock."

  • Biodiversity at Stand Level: Note: definitions in FPPR are important to understand regarding wildlife tree retention: "wildlife tree retention area" - means an area occupied by "wildlife trees", and describes the location of the wildlife tree retention area. "Wildlife trees" - mean a tree or group of trees that (a) provide wildlife habitat, and (b) assist in conservation of stand level biodiversity.

Sec. 66 (FPPR) Wildlife tree retention

"(1) If an agreement holder completes harvesting in one or more cutblocks during any 12 month period beginning on April 1 of any calendar year, the holder must ensure that, at the end of that 12 month period, the total area covered by wildlife tree retention areas that relate to the cutblocks is a minimum of 7% of the total area of the cutblocks

(2) An agreement holder who harvests timber in a cutblock must ensure that, at the completion of harvesting, the total amount of wildlife tree retention areas that relates to the cutblock is a minimum of 3.5% of the cutblock.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (1) and (2), a wildlife tree retention area may relate to more than one cutblock if all of the cutblocks that relate to the wildlife tree retention area collectively meet the applicable requirements of this section. "

Sec. 67 (FPPR) Restriction on harvesting

"An agreement holder must not harvest timber from a wildlife tree retention area unless the trees on the net area to be reforested of the cutblock to which the wildlife tree retention area relates have developed attributes that are consistent with a mature seral condition."

Additional Practice Requirements in the FPPR for biodiversity include:

Sec. 68 (FPPR) Coarse woody debris

"(1) An agreement holder who carries out timber harvesting must retain at least the following logs on a cutblock:

(a) if the area is on the Coast, a minimum of 4 logs per hectare, each being a minimum of 5 m in length and 30 cm in diameter at one end;

(b) if the area is in the Interior, a minimum of 4 logs per hectare, each being a minimum of 2 m in length and 7.5 cm in diameter at one end.

(2) An agreement holder is exempt from subsection (1) if

(a) the holder's agreement or an enactment requires the holder to act in a manner contrary to that set out in subsection (1), or

(b) the holder carries out on the cutblock a controlled burn that is authorized under an enactment."

VI. Factors to Consider in Developing Results & Strategies:

Factors in regulations (FPPR) to consider in developing results and strategies for biodiversity include the:

Sec. 3 (FPPR), Factors relating to objectives set by government for wildlife and biodiversity

(1) The following factors apply to a result or strategy for the objective set out in section 9 (1) [objectives set by government for wildlife and biodiversity]:

    (a) the size, distribution and salient characteristics of the area being designed for harvesting;

    (b) the size, distribution and salient characteristics of other areas within the landscape that have been shaped by, or affected by, natural disturbance;

    (c) the extent to which wildlife habitat areas, ungulate winter ranges, riparian management areas, scenic areas and other areas established to manage forest resources complement efforts to resemble natural disturbance patterns in a landscape, including old growth.

(2) The following factors apply to a result or strategy for the objective set out in section 9 (2):

VII. Exemptions:

The Minister of Forests may grant exemptions to the above practice requirements in regulation for biodiversity:

Sec. 91 (FPPR) Minister may grant exemptions

"(1) If the minister is satisfied that it is not practicable, given the circumstances or conditions applicable to a particular area, the minister may exempt

(a) a person from

(i) one or more of the following sections of the Act: 10; 29; 29.1; or

(ii) one or more of the following sections of this regulation: 41; 42; 46; 46.1; 50 (2) or (3); 51; 55 to 63; 68; 70 (1); 72; 73; 75; 76; 78; 79; 83 to 85 (1),

(b) a holder of any form of minor tenure from one or more specified provisions of this regulation, and may restrict the exemption to a holder of a minor tenure located in a particular forest region, forest district or other area of British Columbia, and

(c) a holder of a forestry licence to cut, other than a major licence or a minor tenure, from one or more of sections 35, 36, 47 to 52 and 64 to 67.

(2) The minister may exempt an agreement holder from section 67 if the minister is satisfied that the holder has specified one or more wildlife tree retention areas that provide an area, number of trees or habitat that is equivalent to the portion of the wildlife tree retention area from which the timber is being harvested."

Sec. 67 (FPPR) Restriction on harvesting

Sec. 68 (FPPR) Coarse woody debris

Sec. 12.5 (FPPR) Conditional exemption - section 66 or 67

(1) A person required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 66 if the person

(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for wildlife and biodiversity at the stand level set out in section 9.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and

(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan.

(2) A person required to prepare a forest stewardship plan is exempt from section 67 if the person

(a) prepares and submits to the minister the proposed plan, including an intended result or strategy for wildlife and biodiversity at the stand level set out in section 9.1, in relation to the areas of primary forest activity under the plan, and

(b) receives the minister's approval to the plan."

VIII. Cumulative Impact: When establishing objectives, the appropriate Minister, or delegate must consider the impact of the proposed objective on the provincial timber supply and cumulative impact on rights granted to timber, woodlot or range agreement holders.

Sec. 19, (FPPR) Division 2.1. Cumulative effect of multiple forest stewardship plans

For the purpose of section 9 [proportional objectives] of the Act, the minister may establish targets referred to in that section, if, where there are likely to be multiple forest stewardship plans within an area,

(a) one or more agreement holders may be unduly constrained in the specifying of results or strategies in the holder's plan unless targets are established under section 9 of the Act,

(b) the agreement holders within the area are unable to reach an agreement that would remove the constraints referred to in paragraph (a),

(c) an agreement holder subject to a constraint referred to in paragraph (a) requests the minister to act under section 9 of the Act, and

(d) the minister is satisfied that a fair and effective order can be made under this section."

IX. New Objectives: Once a new objective has been in place for at least four months:

  • New Operational Plans must contain results and strategies to address the new objective if applicable to the area under the plan
  • Existing Operational Plans must be amended to address the new objective if applicable to the area under the plan
  • The Government can reduce this four month period for some objectives.

FTP site for biodiversity-related documents:

Biodiversity related objectives and supporting documents can be found on the SIFD Objectives Matrix FTP site


FRPA RESOURCE EVALUATION PROGRAM:

For effectiveness evaluation related information visit the FRPA Resource Evaluation Program web site

Biodiversity Related Resources:

For a collection of biodiversity-related resources and other supporting materials visit the FRPA Resource Evaluation Program web site biodiversity section

Landscape Unit Planning Guide ILMB web site link

Resource Values Indicators Site:


OTHER FRPA VALUES: select form the list below:

  1. Soils
  2. Timber including Forest Health
  3. Wildlife
  4. Fish
  5. Water
  6. Biodiversity
  7. Cultural Heritage Resources
  8. Resource Features
  9. Recreation Resources
  10. Visual Quality
  11. Forage and Associated Plant Communities

Disclaimer: Please note that the government is under no obligation to develop or provide the objectives matrix to FRPA stakeholders. The matrix was developed to assist those who prepare operational plans with identifying objectives for which results and strategies must be developed within operational plans. The Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations does not make any guarantees with respect to the accuracy, currency and reliability of the information contained within this objectives matrix.

It is the plan proponent's responsibility to ensure that all legal requirements are met.
The legislation extracts quoted in the text of this web site are for the users convenience only and they do not have legal status.
For the official legal text, please refer to the Queens Printer legal publications.

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