Archaeology

Archaeology Glossary

Glossary of Terms

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Administrative jurisdiction – the municipality or regional district containing the site.

Archaeological impact assessment – a process where a trained professional looks at an archaeological site and development plans to determine what impact the proposed development will have on the site.

Archaeological overview assessment – a review by professional archaeologists to map out zones of archaeological potential and distribution for an area where there may or may not be known archaeological sites.

Archaeological site – a location where there is evidence of past human activity.

Archaeology – the study of the physical remains of past human activity.

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B

B.C. Archaeological Site Inventory – a database of information on known archaeological sites in British Columbia.

Borden number – a site designation system widely used by archaeologists that uses codes to indicate particular locations in Canada.

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ESRI shapefile – a popular data format for geographic information systems software.

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GIS – this acronym stands for geographic information system, a computer system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares and displays geographically-referenced information.

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Heritage inspection permit – a permit issued by the branch to enable an archaeological impact assessment to go ahead.

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Kwäday Dän Ts'ìnchi – the name given by the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations to an ancient person, whose frozen remains were found in 1999 by three hunters at the edge of a glacier in Tatshenshini-Alsek Park.

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Map number – the number of a particular National Topographic Sheet map.

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Parcel identifier – often referred to as the PID number, this is a number used in land titles systems to identify a particular property.

Preliminary field reconnaissance – a field visit by a qualified consulting archaeologist to help determine whether an archaeological impact assessment is required for a particular site.

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R

RAAD (Remote Access to Archaeological Data) – a web-based application enabling authorized users to view, select and download information about archaeological sites.

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Site alteration permit – a permit required to undertake development activities within the boundaries of a recorded archaeological site.

Systematic data recovery – the process of excavating an archaeological site to retrieve information that might otherwise be destroyed by development.

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