Stand Management Prescription Guidebook

Table of contents

Management objectives and consistency with other plans (Section B)

General objective

  • To ensure consistency with objectives presented in higher level plans, resource management zones or landscape units.

Management objectives:

B-1. Higher level plans

Higher level plans provide objectives for resource management and establish the broader, strategic context for operational plans. Higher level plans are the primary source of objectives that determine the forest practices and site conditions described in operational plans, such as SMPs.

* This section specifies whether this prescription is within an area covered by a higher level plan. If a higher level plan(s) exists, the name(s) and date(s) should be recorded for reference. Other resource plans, such as local resource use plans, integrated watershed management plans, or total resource use plans can provide additional information for consideration.

Through interpretation of higher level plans and other resource plans, the forest-level objectives can be subjectively ranked by writing `1' (highest) to `10' (lowest) in the appropriate boxes. It is possible for more than one forest-level objective to have an equal rank with another objective. The highest rank objectives should all be ranked as `1' (highest). There could be one or more objectives with the highest rank. The next highest objective(s) should be ranked `2' as next highest.

B-2. Stand-level objectives

This section is used to summarize management objectives from higher level plans and for developing or refining stand-level objectives based on site specific conditions. This section should be referred to when creating the stand strategy to ensure that all applicable management objectives are addressed. Based on site specific stand conditions, plans can be developed to meet the various objectives.

Timber management objectives

* List specific timber management objectives, if any, for each SU. This may include the target operable sawlog size and merchantable volume, or a reduced time to harvest to fill an age class gap. It may also include some very specific product objectives (e.g., produce a hemlock, spruce and redcedar sawlog mix; harvest at age 80 years; 300-325 sph of approximately 45 cm dbh clear hemlock sawlogs/peelers pruned to 5.5 m).

The use of stand projection models may be useful in providing estimates of stand diameter, volume and density. If a model was used to provide stand structure and/or financial analysis information, the prescribing forester should specify the name of the model and attach a copy of the computer simulations.

If a resource management plan or management plan contains prespecified silviculture regimes, the SMP should refer to those documents and include, where applicable, harvest flow and/or timber values.

Wildlife management objectives

The SMP is a document for managing timber and non-timber resources. List specific wildlife habitat and biodiversity objectives, if any, for each SU. This may include specific objectives, such as target for wildlife trees or timing contstraints to avoid nesting periods.

* Identified wildlife strategies and any "red-listed" or regionally important species should managed in accordance with the Managing Identified Wildlife: Procedures and Measures. Additional information may be provided from resource agency recommendations or wildlife guidelines. Information on wildlife trails should be included in this section and shown on the SMP map. Wildlife trails will normally require strategies for protection such as slash removal. If wildlife trails are signi-ficant, the prescribing forester should notify the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. Significant wildlife trails may be considered a wildlife habitat feature.

This section is also available to note any local features that may provide useful habitat for the species identified in the higher level plans. Use the "stand strategy" and "special area" portion of the SMP to describe how these features will be managed (e.g., wildlife tree retention may require a "reserve zone" [no-treatment zone] in the SW corner of the block).

In some cases, timber may not be the primary management objective for an area or standards unit. In some situations, the SMP may be directed through a higher level plan to modify habitat conditions. In such situations, timber management objectives should be considered.

* Areas such as streams, wetlands, lakes, wildlife areas and special resource management zones, may have special management objectives and may require special management practices.

Note: Felling or modification of trees in a riparian reserve zone requires approval by the district manager and the designated environment official.

Watershed management objectives

* List specific watershed management objectives, if any, for each SU.

For areas within a community watershed, known water rights must be identified and a description of any watershed concerns in or adjacent to the prescription area should be provided. If the area is within a community watershed, any special management objectives pertinent to the SMP must be documented.

Where water quality concerns exist, the SMP should detail any water quality monitoring actions that may be required before, during or after any management activities on the area.

Reference any community watershed plan or other higher level plan that provides direction.

Fisheries/Streams-wetlands management objectives

* List specific fisheries/streams-wetlands management objectives, if any, for each SU.

Any fisheries concerns in or downstream of the prescription area should be identified.

* Streams must be mapped and classified according to the Riparian Management Area Guidebook and the Fish-Stream Identification Guidebook. Where there are concerns regarding fisheries values or aquatic habitat treatments, they should be highlighted and dealt with in the stand strategy section.

* S6 streams do not have to be shown on the SMP map, however, any proposed strategies for riparian class S6 streams must be specified in the SMP.

Range management objectives

* The SMP must identify range objectives, if any, and assess the impact that silviculture activities are expected to have on range and livestock. If seeding has been carried out on the area, will it be maintained through fertilization or reseeding? Information on primary cattle access trails should be included here and shown on the SMP map. Any other objectives or comments should be recorded in the comments section provided.

Most concerns regarding the interaction between livestock and silviculture should be resolved through range use plans and forest development plans. The SMP should be consistent with those plans and should identify the range tenure holder and reference to any agreements they have with the forest licensee. Where there are range concerns that have not been addressed in higher level plans, any actions that are needed to address those concerns should be specified in the stand strategy section of the SMP.

Visual landscape management objectives

* List specific visual landscape management objectives, if any, for each SU.

* The SMP should provide a visual quality objective (VQO) where one has been established and is available at the applicable MOF district office. The VQO is based on biophysical, viewing and social factors and indicates the level of acceptable visual impact for a particular landscape. The VQO (i.e., P = preser-vation, R = retention, PR = partial retention, M = modification, MM = maximum modification, NVS = not visually sensitive) must be differentiated by SU if the difference will require special treatment actions.

Where the VQO is determined to be NVS, no further information is required.

For all other VQOs, the prescription must include:

Identify factors on the site that may influence VQO, for example steep slopes. In the stand strategy section, integrate treatments that meet VQO objectives with those to meet other stated objectives. See the visual landscape assessment and prescription section of the Silviculture Prescription Guidebook for further assistance.

Recreation management objectives

Recreation values, if any, in or adjacent to the area must be described based on the definitions provided in the Ministry of Forests Recreation Manual.


    1. The feature significance categories, (A = very high, B = high,
      = moderate, D = low), key feature (e.g., aquatic, beaches, vegetation, trails), and recreation management class (i.e., 0 = unique; 1 = special management; 2 = normal forest management) are described in the Inventory Chapter of the Recreation Manual.
    2. Recreation opportunities spectrum (i.e., P = primitive; SPN = semi-primitive non-motorized; SPM = semi-primitive motorized; RRL = roaded resource land; R = rural roaded).

Describe and map any key recreation features (e.g., aquatic, beaches, vegetation, trails), state their significance in accordance with the Recreation Manual
A = very high, B = high, C = moderate, D = low), and what actions, if any, will be taken to accommodate the recreation resource in the stand strategy section of the SMP.

Describe here any features found on site that may have high recreational significance.

Other resource values/interest

Specify any other resource values or interests present on site that are pertinent to managing the area. An example could be retaining Pacific yew for medical purposes.

If there are known cultural heritage resources in the area, they must be identified and management objectives that mitigate impacts must be developed.

Where archaeological sites, culturally modified trees, heritage trails or other examples of historical use are found, their location must be mapped and specific management strategies developed through consultation with First Nations and/or appropriate resource agencies in accordance with the Archaeological Impact Assessment Guidelines (Heritage Conservation Branch, 1989) and the Heritage Conservation Act.

Note: Location of archaeological sites may be sensitive information and may require restricted distribution.

Any actions required to mitigate impacts on cultural heritage resources should be provided in the stand strategy section of the SMP.

This section can also be used to document soil conservation objectives.

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