Previous Home Next

Poor stem form: Some adjustment to predicted yield may be required to account for yield losses due to stem defects like a) this forked top on a western larch tree (below) and b) this crook on a lodgepole pine. TIPSY assumes that all tree stems have a smooth continuous bole with a single, live top.

Forked top

Last Updated: August 20, 2001
The contact for this web page is: