Mountain Pine Beetle Publications
The following publications are available from the Ministry of Forests and Range Library. Many are linked to PDFs (you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader.) If no link is given, Ministry of Forests and Range and Ministry of Environment staff should contact us for copies (please indicate that you are requesting something from the Mountain Pine Beetle Publications page). All others should contact their local public library to arrange an interlibrary loan.

Last updated December 2007.

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A

Alberta. Forest Service. 1981. Mountain Pine Beetle Symposium, Coleman Alberta, Feb. 6-7, 1981. Alberta Forest Service. Edmonton, Alta.

Alberta. Sustainable Resource Development. 2004. How to spot the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae. Alberta, Sustainable Resource Development, Land and Forest Division, Forest Management Branch, Forest Health Section. (PDF 379KB) Courtesy of Alberta Sustainable Resource Development

Alberta. Sustainable Resource Development. 2002. Mountain pine beetle management strategy: May 2002. Alberta, Sustainable Resource Development, Land and Forest Division, Forest Management Branch, Forest Health Section. (PDF 372KB) Courtesy of Alberta Sustainable Resource Development

Alcock, J. 1982. Natural selection and communication among bark beetles. Florida Entomologist 65(1):17-32. (PDF 1369KB)  Courtesy of Florida Entomologist

Alexander, B.L. 1985. Operational and cost benefit evaluation of a Rapattack pest management program. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Protection Branch, Internal Report PM-PB-14. (PDF 1848KB)

Alexander, D. 2007. Comparing the flatwise modulus of elasticity (Eflat) of green lodgepole pine & grey-stage dry MPB lumber. Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

Alexander, D.G., and J.H. Borden. 1975. Pest management, a neglected aspect of forest tenure policies and agreements. Brief to the Royal Commission on Forest Resources, Vancouver, B.C.

Alexander, N.E. 1976. Report on the mountain pine beetle outbreak, Canal Flats. International Forest Fire Systems Ltd., Pest Management Division, B.C.

Alexander, N.E., J.H. Borden, and J.M. Vakenti. 1976. Pest management study of a mountain pine beetle outbreak in tree farm license number 9. Simon Fraser University, Department of Biological Sciences, Pestology Centre, Burnaby, B.C. Pest Management Papers No. 8

Alexander, N.E. and B. Brown. 1976. Mountain pine beetle survey for the Beaverdell Ranger District. International Forest Fire Systems Ltd., Pest Management Division, B.C. (PDF 4422KB)

Alexander, N.E. and P. Yanciw. 1976. Mountain pine beetle survey for the Kettle Valley Ranger District. International Forest Fire Systems Ltd., Pest Management Division, B.C. (PDF 1359KB)

Alexander, R.R. 1972. Partial cutting practices for old-growth lodgepole pine. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. Research Paper RM-92. (PDF 4202KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Alfaro, R.I. 1977. Hazards of mountain pine beetle outbreak in lodgepole pine forests. Pestology Centre, Dept. of Biological Science, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C. Pest Management Papers No. 11.

Alfaro, R.I, R. Campbell, P. Vera, B. Hawkes, and T.L. Shore. 2004. Dendroecological reconstruction of mountain pine beetle outbreaks in the Chilcotin Plateau of British Columbia.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.245-256. (PDF 622KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Allen, E., A. Carroll, L. Humble, I. Leal, C. Breuil, A. Uzunovic, and D. Watler. 2004. Phytosanitary risks associated with mountain pine beetle-killed trees.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.174-176. (PDF 304KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Alosi, M.C. and J.L. Robertson. 1992. Biochemical indicators of population status of pine bark beetles. In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, p.4. (PDF 188KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. 1994. Potential of verbenone for reducing lodgepole and ponderosa pine mortality caused by mountain pine beetle in high-value situations. In Proceedings of the symposium on management of western bark beetles with pheromones: research and development June 22-25, 1992 Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. P.J. Shea (editor). USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-150. pp. 33-37. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. (compiler). 1989a. Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle, Kalispell, MT, July 12-14, 1988. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. General Technical Report INT-262. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

_____. 1989b. Why partial cutting in lodgepole pine stands reduces losses to mountain pine beetle. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp. 48-59. (PDF 462KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. 1986. Dynamics of 1-year and 2-year life cycle populations of mountain pine beetle and related tree losses.  In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp. 37-43.

Amman, G.D. 1985. A test of lodgepole pine hazard rating methods for mountain pine beetle infestation in southeastern Idaho. In Proceedings of the IUFRO conference on the role of the host in the population dynamics of forest insects, joint meeting of IUFRO Working Parties S2-07-05 & S2-07-06. Banff Centre, September 4-7, 1983. L. Safranyik (editor). Banff, AB. Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. pp.186-200. Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Amman, G.D. 1984. Mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) mortality in three types of infestations. Environmental Entomology 13(1):184-191. (PDF 682KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Amman, G.D. 1982a. Characteristics of mountain pine beetles reared in four pine hosts. Environmental Entomology 11(3):590-593. (PDF 1168KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Amman, G.D. 1982b. The mountain pine beetle - identification, biology, causes of outbreaks, and entomological research needs. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 7-12.  (PDF 325KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Amman, G.D. 1978. Biology, ecology and causes of outbreaks of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine forests. In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 39-53. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. 1975. Insects affecting lodgepole pine productivity. In Management of lodgepole pine ecosystems. October 9-11, 1973. D.M. Baumgartner (editor), Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, Washington State University Cooperative Extension Service. Volume 1:310-341.

Amman, G.D. 1972. Mountain pine beetle brood production in relation to thickness of lodgepole pine phloem. Journal of Economic Entomology 65(1):138-140. Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Amman, G.D. and J.A. Anhold. 1989. Preliminary evaluation of hazard and risk rating variables for mountain pine beetle infestations in lodgepole pine stands. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.22-27. (PDF 462KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. and B.H. Baker. 1972. Mountain pine beetle influence on lodgepole pine stand structure. Journal of Forestry 70(4):204-209.

Amman, G.D. and D.L. Bartos. 1991. Mountain pine beetle offspring characteristics associated with females producing first and second broods, male presence, and egg gallery length. Environmental Entomology 20(6):1562-1567. (PDF 950KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Amman, G.D. and W.E. Cole 1983. Mountain pine beetle dynamics in lodgepole pine forests part II: population dynamics. Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Ogden, Ut. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-145. (PDF 4792KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D., G.D. Lessard, L.A. Rasmussen, and C.G. O'Neil. 1988. Lodgepole pine vigor, regeneration and infestation by mountain pine beetle following partial cutting on the Shoshone National Forest, Wyoming. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-396. (PDF 1402KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. and B.S. Lindgren. 1995. Semiochemicals for management of mountain pine beetle: status of research and application. In Application of semiochemicals for management of bark beetle infestations - proceedings of an informal conference. Indianapolis, IN. December 12-16, 1993.S.M. Salom and K.R. Hobson (editors), Ogden, UT, USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, General Technical Report INT-GTR-318. pp. 14-22. (PDF 767KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D., M.D. McGregor, D.B. Cahill, and W.H. Klein.  1977. Guidelines for reducing losses of lodgepole pine to the mountain pine beetle in unmanaged stands in the Rocky Mountains. USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, Ut. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-36. (PDF 7589KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman,G.D., M.D. McGregor, and R.E. Dolph. 1979. Mountain pine beetle. USDA Forest Service, Washington, D.C. Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 2. (PDF 925KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D., M. D. McGregor, R.F. Schmitz, and R.D. Oakes. 1988. Susceptibility of lodgepole pine to infestation by mountain pine beetles following partial cutting of stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18(6):688-695. (PDF 752KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Amman, G.D. and J.E. Pasek. 1986. Mountain pine beetle in ponderosa pine: effects of phloem thickness and egg gallery density. Ogden, UT, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Research Paper INT-367. (PDF 851KB)Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. and L.A. Rasmussen. 1974. A comparison of radiographic and bark-removal methods for sampling of mountain pine beetle populations. USDA Forest Service. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Stations, INT 151. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. and L.A. Rasmussen. 1969. Techniques for radiographing and the accuracy of the x-ray method for identifying and estimating numbers of the mountain pie beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology 62(3):631-634. (PDF 711KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Amman, G.D. and K.C. Ryan. 1994. Using pheromones to protect heat-injured lodgepole pine from mountain pine beetle infestation. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. Research Note INT-419. (PDF 2.02MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. and K.C. Ryan. 1991. Insect infestation of fire-injured trees in the Greater Yellowstone area. Ogden, UT, USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Research Note INT-398. (PDF 1045KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D. and L. Safranyik. 1985. Insects of lodgepole pine: impacts and control. In Lodgepole pine: the species and its management. Spokane, WA and Vancouver, BC, D.M. Baumgartner, R.G. Krebill, J.T. Arnott and G.F. Weetman (editors).  Washington State University Press. Pullman, Washington. pp. 107-124.

Amman, G.D. and R.F. Schmitz. 1988. Mountain pine beetle-lodgepole pine interactions and strategies for reducing tree losses. Ambio 17(1):62-28.

Amman, G.D. and M.W. Stock. 1995. The effect of phloem thickness on heterozygosity in laboratory-reared mountain pine beetles. Ogden, UT, USDA Forest Service. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Stations, INT -RN-424. (PDF 461KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Amman, G.D., R.W. Their, M.D. McGregor, and R.F. Schmitz. 1989. Efficacy of verbenone in reducing lodgepole pine infestation by mountain pine beetles in Idaho. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19(1):60-64. (PDF 837KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Amman, G.D., R.W. Thier, J.C. Weatherby, L.A. Rasmussen, and A.S. Munson. 1991. Optimum dosage of verbenone to reduce infestation of mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine stands of Central Idaho. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. Research Paper INT- 446. (PDF 1320KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Anderson, W.W. and C.W. Berisford. 1992. Bark beetle genetics.   In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, p.6. (PDF 348KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Andrews, R.J. and R.D. Erickson. 1975. Forest insect and disease conditions: Prince Rupert Forest District, 1975. Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 563KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Anhold, J.A. and M.J. Jenkins. 1987. Potential mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) attack of lodgepole pine as described by stand density index. Environmental Entomology 16(3):738-742. (PDF 751KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Anhold, J.A., M.J. Jenkins, and J.N. Long. 1996. Management of lodgepole pine stand density to reduce susceptibility to mountain pine beetle attack. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 11(2):50-53.

Arnberg, W., L. Wastenson, and B. Lekander. 1973. Use of aerial photographs for early detection of bark beetle infestations of spruce. Ambio 2: 77-83.

Atkins, M.D. 1966. Behavioral variation among scolytids in relation to their habitat. Canadian Entomologist. 98(3):285-288. ( 1.12MB)

Aukema, B., R. Hodgkinson, D. Huber, and S. Lindgren. 2007. Forest health: eating themselves out of house and home: mountain pine beetle attack spruce. Canadian Silviculture, November 2007. (PDF)
Courtesy of the Canadian Silviculture

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B

Bakke, A. 1985. Methods and effects of suppressing bark beetle populations.In Proceedings of the IUFRO conference on the role of the host in the population dynamics of forest insects, joint meeting of IUFRO Working Parties S2-07-05 & S2-07-06. Banff Centre, September 4-7, 1983. L. Safranyik (editor). Banff, AB. Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. pp.169-174. Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Ballard, R.G., M.A. Walsh, and W.E. Cole. 1984. The penetration and growth of blue-stain fungi in the sapwood of lodgepole pine attacked by mountain pine beetle. Canadian Journal of Botany 62(8):1724-1729.

Ballard, R.G., M.A. Walsh, and W.E. Cole. 1982. Blue-stain fungi in xylem of lodgepole pine: a light-microscope study on extent of hyphal distribution. Canadian Journal of Botany 60(11):2334-2341.

Barclay, H.J., C. Li, L. Benson, S. Taylor, and T. Shore. 2006. Effects of fire return rates on traversability of lodgepole pine forests for mountain pine beetle and the use of patch metrics to estimate traversability. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-01. (PDF 921KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Barclay, H.J., L. Safranyik, and D. Linton. 1998. Trapping mountain pine beetles Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) using pheromone-baited traps: effects of trapping distance. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 95:25-31. (PDF 1548KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Barger, R.L. 1982. Research needs: engineering, utilization economics, socioeconomics, and fire. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 24-28.  (PDF 284KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Barrett, J.D., and F. Lam. 2007. Stud mill lumber grade and value yields from green spruce-pine-fir and grey-stage dry mountain pine beetle attacked logs. Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

Bartos, D.L. and G.D. Amman. 1989. Microclimate: an alternative to tree vigor as a basis for mountain pine beetle infestations. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. Research Paper INT- 400. (PDF 1616KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bartos, D.L. and G.D. Booth. 1994. Effects of thinning on temperature dynamics and mountain pine beetle activity in a lodgepole pine stand. USDA Forest Service. Intermountain Station, Ogden, Ut. Research paper INT-479. (PDF 1.62MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bauman, Y. 2007. Economic impacts of climate change on forest resources in Oregon: a preliminary analysis. Climate Leadership Initiative. Institute for a Sustainable Environment. University of Oregon, Eugene, OR. (PDF 108KB) Courtesy of the University of Oregon

Beal, J.A. 1943. Relation between tree growth and outbreaks of the Black Hills beetle. Journal of Forestry. 41:359-366. (PDF 2666KB)

Bean, J.L. 1970. An automatic data processing system for the documentation of forest-insect survey information. Journal of Economic Entomology 63(4):1181-1184. (PDF 627KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Beaver, R.A. 1974. Intraspecific competition among bark beetle larvae. Journal of Animal Ecology 43:455-467.

Beckley, P.R. 1989. Case history: application of risk assessment--Flathead National Forest. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.34-36. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bedard, W.D. 1938. Control of the mountain pine beetle by means of chemicals. Journal of Forestry 36(1):35-40. (PDF 1393KB)

Begin, E. and B. Penner. 1988. 1987 - Panorama resort and area: mountain pine beetle control program. (PDF 847KB)

Bennett, D. and W.E. Bousfield. 1979. A pilot survey to measure annual mortality caused by the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine on the Beaverhead and Gallatin National Forests. USDA Forest Service Northern Region, Missoula, Mt. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report No.79 20. (PDF 1139KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bentz, B.J. 2006. Mountain pine beetle population sampling: inferences from Lindgren pheromone traps and tree emergence cages. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36(2):351-360. (PDF 1198KB)  Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Bentz, B.J. 2000. Forest insect and disease tally system (FINDIT) user manual. Gen. Tech. Report RMRS-GTR-49. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 12 p. (PDF 867KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bentz, B.J. 1999. Variation in two life history traits of Dendroctonus ponderosae from lodgepole and ponderosa pines in Idaho and Utah. In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 28-29.

Bentz, B.J., G.D. Amman, and J.A. Logan. 1993. A critical assessment of risk classification systems for the mountain pine beetle. Forest Ecology and Management 61(3/4):349-366.

Bentz, B.J. and D. Endreson. 2004. Evaluating satellite imagery for estimating mountain pine beetle-caused lodgepole pine mortality: current status.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.154-163. (PDF 760KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Bentz, B.J., S. Kegley, K. Gibson and R. Their. 2005. A test of high-dose verbenone for stand-level protection of lodgepole and whitebark pine from mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) attacks. Journal of Economic Entomology 98(5):1614-1621. (PDF 1419KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Bentz, B.J., J.A. Logan, and G.D. Amman. 1991. Temperature-dependent development of the mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and simulation of its penology. Canadian Entomologist 123(5):1083-1094.

Bentz, B.J., J.A. Logan, and J.C. Vandygriff. 2001. Latitudinal life history variation in Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) development time and size. The Canadian Entomologist 133:375-387.

Bentz, B.J. and D.E. Mullins. 1999. Ecology of mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) cold hardening in the intermountain west. Environmental Entomology 28(4):577-587. (PDF 643KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Bentz, B.J., J.A. Powell, and J.A. Logan. 1996. Localized spatial and temporal attack dynamics of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine. USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. Research paper INT-RP-494. (PDF 1545KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bentz, B.J., D.L. Six. 2006. Ergosterol content of fungi associated with Dendroctonus ponderosae and Dendroctonus rufipennis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(2): 189-194. (PDF 1922KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Bergvinson, D.J. and J.H. Borden. 1992a. Enhanced colonization by the blue stain fungus Ophiostoma clavigerum in glyphosate-treated sapwood of lodgepole pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22(2):206-209. (PDF 323KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

_____. 1992b. Enhanced woodpecker predation on the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopk., in glyphosate-treated lodgepole pines. Canadian Entomologist 124:159-165.

Berisford, C.W., U.E. Brady, R.F. Mizell, J.H. Lashomb, G.E. Fitzpatrick, I.R. Ragenovich, and F.L. Hastings. 1980. A technique for field testing insecticides for long-term prevention of bark beetle attack. Journal of Economic Entomology 73(5):694-697. (PDF 1016KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Berryman, A.A. 1986. Forest insects: principles and practices of population management. New York, Plenum Press.

Berryman, A.A. 1982a. Biological control, thresholds, and pest outbreaks. Environmental Entomology 11(3):544-549. (PDF 2.35MB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

_____. 1982b. Mountain pine beetle outbreaks in Rocky Mountain lodgepole pine forests. Journal of Forestry 80(7):410-413.

_____. 1982c. Population dynamics of bark beetles & integrated management of bark beetles. Chapter 8 & 9 in: J.B. Mitton and K.B. Sturgeon (eds.). Bark Beetles in North American Conifers: a System for the Study of Evolutionary Biology. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. pp.: 264-349. (PDF 19.8MB) Courtesy of the University of Texas Press

Berryman, A.A. 1978. A synoptic model of the lodgepole pine/mountain pine beetle interaction and its potential application in forest management.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 98-105. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Berryman, A.A. 1975. Management of mountain pine beetle populations in lodgepole pine ecosystems: a cooperative, interdisciplinary research and development project. In Management of lodgepole pine ecosystems. October 9-11, 1973. D.M. Baumgartner (editor) Pullman, Washington, Washington State University Cooperative Extension Service. Volume 2, pp. 627-650.

Berryman, A.A. 1972. Resistance of conifers to invasion by bark beetle-fungus associations. BioScience 22(10):598-602.

Berryman, A.A., B. Dennis, K.F. Raffa, and N.C. Stenseth. 1985. Evolution of optimal group attack, with particular reference to bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Ecology 66(3):898-903.

Berryman, A.A., K.F. Raffa, J.A. Millstein, and N.C. Stenseth. 1989. Interaction dynamic of bark beetle aggregation and conifer defense rates. Oikos 56(2):256-263.

Berryman, A.A., and R.W. Stark. 1984. Assessing the risk of lodgepole pine stand destruction by pests. In Lodgepole pine: the species and its management. Spokane, WA and Vancouver, BC, D.M. Baumgartner, R.G. Krebill, J.T. Arnott and G.F. Weetman (editors).  Washington State University Press. Pullman, Washington. pp. 163-169.

Bethlahmy, N. 1975. A Colorado episode: beetle epidemic, ghost forest, more streamflow. (PDF 1138KB) Northwest Science 49(2):95-105.

Betz, J. and Y. Chen. 2006. Development of MPB thick laminate wood plate products. UBC, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF PDF)

Bicho, P., A. Hussein, B. Yuen, W. Gee, and S. Johal. 2006. Evaluation of in-woods chipping options for beetle-killed lodgepole pine wood. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Working Paper 2006-19, MPBI Project #8.13,Victoria, BC.  (PDF 2.04MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Binder, J.C. and D.L. Bartos. 1994. Spatial characteristics of a mountain pine beetle outbreak in the Uinta Mountains. In Decision making with GIS, the fourth dimension: symposium proceedings - eighth annual symposium on geographic information systems in forestry, environmental and natural resources management., February 21-24, Vancouver, BC. Vancouver, BC, Polaris Conferences Inc. Volume 2, pp. 901-906.

Blackman, M.W. 1931. The Black Hills beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins). N.Y. State College of Forestry, Syracuse, N.Y. Technical Publication No. 36.

Blanche, C.A., J.D. Hodges, and T.E. Nebeker. 1985. Changes in bark beetle susceptibility indicators in a lightning-struck loblolly pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 15(2):397-399. (PDF 803KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Bollenbacher, B. and K.E. Gibson. 1986. Mountain pine beetle : a land manager's perspective. USDA Forest Service Northern Region, Missoula, Mo. Forest Pest Management Report (USDA Forest Service Northern Region) 86- 15. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Borden, J.H. 2004. Chemical ecology and management of forest insects: FII Forest Research program 2003/04 annual progress report. Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Forest Science Program, FIA FSP Project No. R04-055. (PDF 390MB)

Borden, J.H. 2003. Chemical ecology and management of forest insects. Simon Fraser University, Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Forest Science Program, FIA Project Number R02-03. (PDF 392KB)

Borden, J.H. 1995. From identifying semiochemicals to developing a suppression tactic: a historical review. Application of semiochemicals for management of bark beetle infestations - proceedings of an informal conference. Indianapolis, IN. December 12-16, 1993.S.M. Salom and K.R. Hobson (editors), Ogden, UT, USDA, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, General Technical Report INT-GTR-318. pp. 3-10. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Borden, J.H. 1993. Uncertain fate of spot infestations of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins. Canadian Entomologist 125(1):167-169.

Borden, J.H. 1986. Methods for use of semiochemicals against the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus Ponderosae. In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp. 79-86. (PDF 9862KB)

Borden, J.H. 1982. Secondary attraction in the Scolytidae: an annotated bibliography. Simon Fraser University, Pest Management paper 26.

Borden, J.H. 1977. Behavioral responses of coleoptera to pheromones, allomones, and kairomones. In Chemical control of insect behaviour: theory and application. H.H. Shorey and J.J. McKelvey, Jr. (editors). Wiley, New York, Chap. 11, pp.169-198.

Borden, J.H. and J.D. Alexander. 2004. Test of a simplified non-host volatile blend as a supplement to verbenone in protecting lodgepole pines from attack by the mountain pine beetle. Simon Fraser University. Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Land Base Investment Program - Innovative, FIA-04-05-0035. (PDF 232KB)

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, and D.J. Bergvinson. 1988. Assessment of two pine oil treatments to protect stands of lodgepole pine from attack by the mountain pine beetle. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 85:28-33. (PDF 384KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, T.J. Earle, and D.P.W. Huber. 2003. Protection of lodgepole pine from attack by the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) using high doses of verbenone in combination with nonhost bark volatiles. The Forestry Chronicle 79(3):685-691.

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, and M.C. Fuchs. 1983. Application of semiochemicals in post-logging manipulation of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 76(6):1428-1432. (PDF 315KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, and T.E. Lacey. 1986. Pre-logging baiting with semiochemicals for the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae, in high hazard stands of lodgepole pine. The Forestry Chronicle 62(1):20-23.

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, and B.S. Lindgren. 1990. Redundancy in the semiochemical message required to induce attack on lodgepole pines by the mountain pine beetle Dendroctonus ponderosae. Canadian Entomologist 122(9/10):769-778.

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, B.S. Lindgren, E.J. Begin, T.M. Ebata, L.E. Maclauchlan, and R.S. Hodgkinson. 1993. A simplified tree bait for the mountain pine beetle. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23(6):1108-1113. (PDF 608KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Borden, J.H., L.J. Chong, K.E.G. Pratt, and D.R. Gray. 1983. The application of behaviour-modifying chemicals to contain infestations of the mountain pine beetle Dendroctonus ponderosae. The Forestry Chronicle 59(5):235-239. Courtesy of

Borden, J.H., J.W. Conn, L.M. Friskie, B.E. Scott, L.J. Chong, H.D. Pierce, Jr., and A.C. Oehlschlager. 1983. Semiochemicals for the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), in British Columbia: baited-tree studies. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13:325-333. (PDF 1930KB)  Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Borden, J.H. and T.J. Earl. 2003. Test of a simplified non-host volatile blend as a supplement to Verbenone in protecting lodgepole pines from attack by the mountain pine beetle. Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Land Base Investment Program - Innovative, FIA-03-04-0014. (PDF 98KB)

Borden, J.H., L.C. Ryker, L.J. Chong, H.D. Pierce, Jr., B.D. Johnston, and A.C. Oehlschlager. 1987. Response of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), to five semiochemicals in British Columbia lodgepole pine forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17(2):118-128. (PDF 1762KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Borden, J.H., and E. Stokkink. 1971. Secondary attraction in the scolytidae: an annotated bibliography. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC.  (PDF 3.99 MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Bousfield, W.E., C.A. Stewart, K.E. Gibson, R.G. Eder, and R.D. Oakes. 1982. Statewide mortality of ponderosa pine caused by mountain pine beetle for Montana in 1980. Northern Region, Forest Pest Management, Missoula, Mt. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report No.82 8. (PDF 808KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Bradley, T. 1993. Mountain pine beetle literature review. Slocan Park, B.C., Silva Ecosystems Consultants. (PDF 50KB)

Brandt, J.P. 1997. Forest health monitoring in West-Central Canada in 1996.. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC.  Information Report NOR-X-351(PDF 1.61MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Brandt, J.P. 1995. Forest insect- and disease-caused impacts to timber resources of West-Central Canada: 1988-1992. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC.  Information Report NOR-X-341(PDF 1.61MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Brandt, J.P. and P. Amirault. 1994. Forest insect- and disease-caused impacts to timber depletions to forests of West-Central Canada: 1982-87. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC.  Information Report NOR-X-333.(PDF 2.11MB)
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Brdicko, J. 2007. True-shape and defects data from mountain pine beetle-affected stems.  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2007-04 (PDF 1.40MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Brdicko, J. 2006. True shape and defects data from mpb affected stems: progress report 2004/2005. Forintek Canada Corp. Vancouver, BC. Courtesy of Forintek Canada Corp.

Brennan, J.A. 1982. The need for action: what is being done in the forests of Alberta and plans for the future. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 41-43.  (PDF 119KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Bright, D.E. 1992. Systematics research. In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, p. 25. (PDF 168KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

British Columbia. 2005. British Columbia, Canada:  a new partnership for British Columbia in Canada. Victoria, BC. (PDF 2.969MB)

British Columbia. Forest Practices Board. 2007. Effect of mountain pine beetle attack and salvage harvesting on streamflows. Forest Practices Board, Victoria, BC FPB/SIR/16 (PDF 1378 KB)

British Columbia. Forest Practices Board. 2007. Lodgepole pine stand structure 25 years after mountain pine beetle attack. Forest Practices Board, Victoria, BC FPB/SR/32 (PDF MB)

British Columbia. Forest Practices Board. 2004. Evaluating mountain pine beetle management in British Columbia: special report. Forest Practices Board, Victoria, BC. FPB/SR/20(PDF 562MB)

British Columbia. Ministry of Environment. 2006. Cariboo strategic regional restoration plan. Ministry of Environment, Ecosystems Branch, Victoria, BC.  (PDF 578MB) Courtesy of

_____. 2006b. Northern Interior strategic regional restoration plan. Ministry of Environment, Ecosystems Branch, Victoria, BC.  (PDF 548MB)

_____. 2006c. Southern Interior strategic regional restoration plan. Ministry of Environment, Ecosystems Branch, Victoria, BC.  (PDF 531MB)

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. 2005. Beetle information bulletin. Ministry of Forests and Range, Victoria, BC. (PDF 14KB)

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. 2004a. 2004 winter mortality estimates for mountain pine beetle in the Kamloops and Nelson areas of the Southern Interior Region. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 38MB)

_____. 2004b. Recommended operational procedures to address hydrological concerns. Ministry of Forests and Range, Victoria, BC. (PDF 184KB)

_____.2004c. Mountain pine beetle in BC. Ministry of Forests and Range, Victoria, BC. Ministry of Forests brochure (PDF KB)

British Columbia Ministry of Forests. 2003a. Timber supply and the mountain pine beetle infestation in British Columbia. Forest Analysis Branch, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1.48MB)

_____. 2003b. Timber supply analysis: mountain pine beetle infestation - backgrounder. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 49KB)

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. 2002. Prince George timber supply area: public discussion paper - information about a proposed temporary allowable annual cut increase due to mountain pine beetles. (PDF 1448KB)

British Columbia Ministry of Forests. 2001a. Detection of green stage mountain pine beetle using airborne CASI multi-spectral imagery. Williams Lake, B.C. (PDF 1780KB)

_____.2001b. West Central B.C. mountain pine beetle strategic business recommendations report: West-Central B.C. mountain pine beetle action plan 2001. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 7163KB)

British Columbia Ministry of Forests. 1990. Mountain pine beetle: Okanagan timber supply area. Protection Branch, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 391KB)

British Columbia Ministry of Forests. 1987. The 1987 assessment of the mountain pine beetle problem in the Boundary Forest District with recommendations for action. Protection Branch, Victoria B.C. (PDF 249KB)

British Columbia Ministry of Forests. 1981. Mountain pine beetle control plan Prince Rupert Forest Region phase 1 1981-82. Smithers, B.C. (PDF 322KB)

British Columbia Ministry of Forests. [1981]. The tree killer: mountain pine beetle attacks in the Nelson Forest Region. Nelson, B.C. (PDF 378KB)

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. Nelson Forest Region. 1994. Case study: using partial cutting to reduce susceptibility of mature lodgepole pine stands to mountain pine beetle attack--beetle proofing. Nelson, B.C. Ministry of Forests, Nelson Forest Region. Extension Note 39. (PDF KB)

British Columbia. Ministry of Forests and Range. 2007a. Timber supply and the mountain pine beetle infestation 2007 update. Victoria, B.C. Forest Analysis and Inventory Branch. (PDF KB)

_____. 2007b. Mountain pine beetle action plan sustainable forests, sustainable communities annual progress report 2006/2007. Kamloops, B.C. Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Response Division. (PDF 281KB)

_____. 2007c. Mountain pine beetle: sustaining communities for the future. Victoria, B.C. Ministry of Forests and Range. (PDF 834KB)

_____. 2007d. Monitoring harvest activity across 16 mountain pine beetle impacted timber supply areas. Victoria, B.C. Forest Analysis and Inventory Branch. (PDF  51KB)

Brooks, J.E., T.L. Shore, and J.E. Stone. 2004. Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service. Pacific Forest Centre. Victoria, BC. Information Report: BC-X-399. (PDF 953KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Brooks, J.E., and L.E. Maclauchlin. 1994. Strategies and tactics for managing the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae. British Columbia Forest Service. Kamloops Forest Region. (PDF  4880KB)

Buhyoff, G.J., J.D. Wellman, and T.C. Daniel. 1982. Predicting scenic quality for mountain pine beetle and western spruce budworm damaged forest vistas. Forest Science 28(4):827-838.

Bunnell, F.L. 2005. Beetles, biodiversity and blind-ass guesses. (PDF 437KB) Forum 12(3):20,24. Courtesy of the FORUM_Magazine

Bunnell, F.L., K.A. Squires, and I. Houde. 2004. Evaluating effects of large-scale salvage logging for mountain pine beetle on terrestrial and aquatic vertebrates. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2004-2. (PDF 835KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Burton, P.J. 2006. Restoration of forests attacked by mountain pine beetle: misnomer, misdirected, or must-do? (PDF 837 KB) BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 7(2):1-10.

Byrne, S.M. 1995. A discussion of the mountain pine beetle outbreak in Manning Provincial Park. BSc thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.

Byrne, T., C. Stonestreet, and B. Peter. 2005. Current knowledge of characteristics and utilization of post-mountain pine beetle wood in solid wood products. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-8. (PDF 420KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Byrne, T. and A. Uzunovic. 2005. Addressing marketplace durability issues with post-mountain pine beetle lodgepole pine - a compilation of three reports. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-25. (PDF 10168KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Byrne, T., K.L. Woo, A. Uzunovic, and P.A. Watson. 2005. An annotated bibliography on the effect of bluestain on wood utilization with emphasis on mountain pine beetle-vectored bluestain. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-4. (PDF 743KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

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Cabrera, H. 1978. Phloem structure and development in lodgepole pine.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 54-63. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cahill, D.B. 1978. Cutting strategies as control measures of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine in Colorado.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 188-191. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Call, R.J. 1989. Case history: Northern Region Forest Service eastside zone--mountain pine beetle considerations. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp. 41-42. (PDF 132KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Callahan, R.Z. and M. Shifrine. The yeasts associated with bark beetles. Forest Science 6:146:154.

Cameron, D.E., A.R. Stage, and N.L. Crookston. 1990. Performance of three mountain pine beetle damage models compared to actual outbreak histories. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. Research Paper INT- 435. (PDF 1.96MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Campbell, D.R., and F.R. Reuter. 2007. How global warming and the mountain pine beetle could devastate the BC interior’s real estate markets. Real Estate Investment Network. Cutting Edge Research Inc. Abbotsford, BC. (PDF 4.63MB) Courtesy of the Real Estate Investment Network

Campbell, E.M. 1998. Whitebark pine forests in British Columbia : composition, dynamics and the effects of blister rust. MSc thesis. University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C.

Canadian Forest Service. 2005a. The Federal Forestlands Rehabilitation Program: Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 704MKB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2005b. Mountain pine beetle initiative.  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 656KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2005c. Mountain pine beetle initiative interim report: 2005. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 20.20MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2005d. Private Forestlands Rehabilitation Program: guidelines and funding application form. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1509KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2005e. The Private Forestlands Rehabilitation Program: Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative. [pamphlet]. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 807KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2005f. Research and Development Program: Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 661KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2004. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative: epidemic risk reduction & value capture r&d strategy. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 539KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2004. Mountain pine beetle management: a guide for small woodland operations. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 591KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2003a. Is the Federal Forestlands Rehabilitation Program for you?  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 500KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2003b. Private Forestlands Rehabilitation Program:operational guidelines and funding opportunity form.  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1050KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 2001. Commercial thinning of mature lodgepole pine: results of "beetle proofing" research in the East Kootenays. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1443KB)
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Canadian Forest Service. 1982. A review of mountain pine beetle problems in Canada. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1121KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 1981. Position paper on mountain pine beetle problems with special reference to the Rocky Mountain Parks Region. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 774KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service. 1975. Economic impact of the mountain pine beetle on the Babine, Burns Lake, Morice, Ootsa and Smithers P.S.Y.U.'s. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, (PDF 994KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Canadian Forest Service, First Nations Mountain Pine Beetle Element. 2003. First Nations Mountain Pine Beetle Element: operational guidelines and funding opportunity form. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, (PDF 1217KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Cane, J.H. 1992. Genetic characters for bark beetle phylogenies.  In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, pp.14-15. (PDF 216KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Carlson, R.W. and W.E. Cole. 1965. A technique for sampling populations of the mountain pine beetle. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experimental Station. USDA Forest Service, Ogden, Utah.  Research Paper INT 20. (PDF 1335KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Carroll, A.L., J. Regniere, J.A. Logan, S.W. Taylor, B.J. Bentz, and J.A. Powell. 2006. Impacts of climate change on range expansion by the mountain pine beetle. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2006-14 (PDF 1.25MB)
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Carroll, A.L. and L. Safranyik. 2004. The bionomics of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine forests: establishing a context. In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp. 21-32. (PDF 988KB)
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Carroll, A.L., T.L. Shore, and L. Safranyik. 2006. Direct control: theory and practice. In The mountain pine beetle: a synthesis of biology, management, and impacts on lodgepole pine. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC. pp. 155-172. (PDF 7608KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Carroll, A.L., S.W. Taylor, J. Regniere, and L. Safranyik. 2004. Effects of climate change on range expansion by the mountain pine beetle in British.  Columbia.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp. 223-232. (PDF 1.66MB)
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Carter Jr., S.W. 1982. A case study: impacts of mountain pine beetle and their mitigation in lodgepole pine forests. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 65-76.  (PDF 119KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Carter Jr., S.W. 1978. Potential impacts of mountain pine beetle and their mitigation in lodgepole pine forests.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 27-36. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cerezke, H.F. 1995. Egg gallery, brood production, and adult characteristics of mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), in three pine hosts. Canadian Entomologist 127(6):955-965.

Cerezke, H.F. 1989. Mountain pine beetle aggregation semiochemical use in Alberta and Saskatchewan, 1983-1987. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.108-113. (PDF 796KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cerezke, H.F. 1981. Mountain pine beetle in southern Alberta and Saskatchewan. Prairie Landscape Magazine May:6. (PDF 77KB)

Cerezke, H.F. 1964. The morphology and functions of the reproductive systems of Dendroctonus monticolae Hosp. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Canadian Entomologist 96(3):477-500. (PDF 7.48MB)

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Chan-McLeod, A.A. and F. Bunnell. 2004. Potential approaches to integrating silvicultural control of mountain pine beetle with wildlife and sustainable management objectives.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.267-274. (PDF 144KB)
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Chatelain, M.P. and J.A. Schenk. 1984. Evaluation of frontalin and exo-brevicomin as kairomones to control mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in lodgepole pine. Environmental Entomology 13(6):1666-1674. (PDF 1136KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Chatwin, S.C., B.G. Bancroft, and M.C. Tsoi. 2006. Species composition and regeneration in cutblocks in mountain pine beetle areas: special investigation. Forest Practices Board. Victoria, B.C. (PDF 617KB)

Cheng, J.D. 1989. Streamflow changes after clear-cut logging of a pine beetle infested watershed in southern British Columbia, Canada. Water Resources Research 25(3):449-456. (PDF 1176KB) Courtesy of the American Geophysical Union

Chenier, J.V.R. and B.J.R. Philogene. 1989. Evaluation of 3 trap designs for the capture of conifer-feeding beetles and other forest Coleoptera. Canadian Entomologist 121(2):159-167.

Chojnacky, D.C., B.J. Bentz, and J.A. Logan. 2000. Mountain pine beetle attack in ponderosa pine: comparing methods for rating susceptibility. USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, Co. Research Paper RMRS-RP-26 (PDF 2888KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Chow, S. and A. Obermajer. 2007. Moisture and blue stain distribution in mountain pine beetle infested lodgepole pine trees and industrial implications. Wood Science and Technology. 41(1): 3-16.

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Churcher, J.J. and J.A. Carlson. 1984. A study of methods currently in use in Canada to harvest or salvage or treat Lodgepole Pine stands affected by the mountain pine beetle. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 2821KB)
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Cichowski, D. 2006. Mountain pine beetle/lichen project Quesnel TSA year 1 – 2005/06. Caribou Ecological Consulting. Smithers, BC. (PDF 2.15MB)

Ciesla, W.M. 1978. The mountain pine beetle/lodgepole pine pest management system: opportunities for putting new knowledge into practice.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 209-212. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Clark, W.R. 1978. Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests: a comment.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 208. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

CLMA/NFPA Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Task Force. 2000. State of emergency declared in the working forests in west central BC: industry plan to battle the mountain pine beetle epidemic. Williams Lake, B.C.

CLMA/NFPA Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Task Force. 1999. Battling the mountain pine beetle. CLMA/NFPA Mountain Pine Beetle Emergency Task Force.

Coates, D., R. Budwha, and E. Hall. 2006. Regeneration and stand structure following mountain pine beetle infestation in the sub-boreal spruce zone. BC Forest Service, Smithers, B.C. (PDF 79KB)

Coates, K.D. 2005. Silvicultural and ecological strategies for the mountain pine beetle epidemic area. Association of BC Forest Professionals. Forum 12(3):22 (PDF 104KB)
Courtesy of the FORUM_Magazine

Coates, K.D., DeLong, C., Burton, P, and Sachs, D. 2006. Abundance of secondary structure in lodgepole pine stands affected by the mountain pine beetle. Report for the Chief Forester, August 2006.

Coates, K.D., and E. Hall. 2005. Implications of alternate silvicultural strategies in Mountain Pine Beetle damaged stands. Bulkley Valley Centre for Natural Resources Research and Management, Smithers, B.C. Technical Report for Forest Science Program Project Y051161. (PDF 345KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Cochran, P.H. and J.W. Barrett. 1999. Growth of ponderosa pine thinned to different stocking levels in Central Oregon: 30-year results. Portland, Oregon, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Paper PNW-RP-508. (PDF 1133KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cochran, P.H. and J.W. Barrett. 1998. Thirty-five-year growth of thinned and unthinned ponderosa pine in the Methow Valley of Northern Washington. Portland, Oregon, Pacific Northwest Research Station Research Paper PNW-RP-502. (PDF 1177KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cochran, P.H. and J.W. Barrett. 1995. Growth and mortality of ponderosa pine poles thinned to various densities in the Blue Mountains of Oregon. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Ogden, Ut., Research Paper PNW-RP-483. (PDF 2.26MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cochran, P.H. and W.G. Dahms. 2000. Growth of lodgepole pine thinned to various densities on two sites with differing productivities in Central Oregon. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Ogden, Ut., Research Paper PNW-RP-520. (PDF 2.82MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Cole, D.M. 1978. Feasibility of silvicultural practices for reducing losses to the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine forests.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 140-147. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cole, D.M. 1973. Estimation of phloem thickness in lodgepole pine. Intermountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Ogden, Ut. USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-148. (PDF 901KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Cole, W.E. 1978. Management strategies for preventing mountain pine beetle epidemics in lodgepole pine stands: based on empirical models.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 87-97. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cole, W.E. and G.D. Amman. 1980. Mountain pine beetle dynamics in lodgepole pine forests part I: course of an infestation. Intermountain Forest and Range Experimental St., Ogden, Utah. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-89. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cole, W.E., G.D. Amman, and C.E. Jensen. 1985. Mountain pine beetle dynamics in lodgepole pine forests part III: sampling and modeling of mountain pine beetle populations. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report INT-188. (PDF 3698KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Cole, W.E. and D.B. Cahill. 1976. Cutting strategies can reduce probabilities of mountain pine beetle epidemics in lodgepole pine. Journal of Forestry 74(5):294-297.

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Cook, J.A. 1959. Induced drought on lodgepole pine (Pinus Contorta Var. Lat. Engl.) and its relationship to successful mountain pine beetle (D. Monticolae Hopk.). Forest Biology Lab., Calgary, Alta. Interim report. (PDF 1499KB)

Coops, N.C.,  M. Johnson, M.A. Wulder, and J.C. White. 2005. Assessment of QuickBird high spatial resolution imagery to detect red attack damage due to mountain pine beetle infestation. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-19. (PDF 871KB)
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Coops, N.C.,  M.A. Wulder, and J.C. White. 2006. Integrating remotely sensed and ancillary data sources to characterize a mountain pine beetle infestation. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-07. (PDF 1.34MB)
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Cottrell, C.B. and R.D. Erickson. 1977. Forest insect and disease conditions. Nelson forest District, British Columbia, 1976. Fisheries and Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-158. (PDF 1010KB)
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Cottrell, C.B. and R.L. Fiddick. 1972. Timber killed by insects in British Columbia 1966-1970. Department of the Environment, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-68. (PDF 2753KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Cottrell, C.B. and R.L. Fiddick. 1968. Appraisal of timber killed by some important insects in British Columbia from 1961-1965 inclusive. Department of Fisheries and Forestry, Forestry Branch, Forest Research Laboratory, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-26. (PDF 3248KB)

Cottrell, C.B., L.S. Unger, and R.L. Fiddick. 1979. Timber killed by insects in British Columbia 1971-1975. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-189. (PDF 1557KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

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Coulson, R.N., G.D. Amman, D.L. Dahlsten, C.J. DeMars, Jr., and F.M. Stephen. 1985. Forest-bark beetle interactions: bark beetle population dynamics. In Integrated pest management in pine-bark beetle ecosystems. W.E. Waters, R.W. Stark and D.L. Wood (editors) Wiley, New York, NY, Chap. pp. 61-80.

Council of Forest Industries of British Columbia. 2006. British Columbia's mountain pine beetle: today and tomorrow - a secondary teacher's resource. Vancouver, BC, Council of Forest Industries. [secondary teacher's resource kit]. Courtesy of the Council of Forest Industries

Council of Forest Industries of British Columbia. 2005. British Columbia's mountain pine beetle: an intermediate teacher's resource. Vancouver, BC, Council of Forest Industries. [intermediate teacher's resource kit]. Courtesy of the Council of Forest Industries

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Craighead, F.C., J.M. Miller, J.C. Evenden, and F.P. Keen. 1931. Control work against bark beetles in western forests and an appraisal of its results. Journal of Forestry 29(7):1001-1018. (PDF 1973KB)

Crookston, N.L., R.C. Roelke, D.G. Burnell, and A.R. Stage. 1978. Evaluation of management alternatives for lodgepole pine stands using a stand projection model.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 114-122. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Crookston, N.L., R.W. Stark, and D.L. Adams. 1977. Outbreaks of mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine forests-1945-1975. College of Forestry, Wildlife and Range Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. University of Idaho, College of Forestry, Wildlife and Range Sciences, Bulletin 22.

Cutler, R., L. Brown, J. Powell, B. Bentz, and A Cutler. 2003. Identifying "redtops": classification of satellite imagery for tracking mountain pine beetle progression through a pine forest. In Proceedings of the 35th Symposium on the Interface, March 13-17, Salt Lake City, Utah. Interface, Salt Lake City, Utah. pp. 732-748 (PDF 25MB)

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Dahlsten, D.L. 1982. Relationships between bark beetles and their natural enemies. In Bark beetles in North American conifers. J.B. Mitton and K.B. Sturgeon, (editors). University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. pp.140-182.

Dalman, D. 2004. Mountain pine beetle management in Canada's mountain national parks.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.87-93. (PDF 946KB)
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Davis, M.S. and W.B. White. 1989. A tool for assessing the impacts of mountian pine beetle and related management straties. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.37-40. (PDF 281KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

DeLong, C. 2006. A framework for documenting the effects of the mountain pine beetle outbreak in sub-boreal forests of northern B.C. : workplan. British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range, Prince George, B.C. (PDF 404KB)

de Montigny L., G. Nigh, and R. Archer. 2007. MPB stewardship research strategy implementation framework. B.C. Min. For., Res. Br., Victoria, B.C. (PDF KB)

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Doidge, D. 1974. Forest insect and disease conditions 1974 Cariboo District. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-116 (PDF 1495KB)
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Doidge, D.F. 1973. Forest insect and disease conditions. Cariboo District 1973. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-96. (PDF 617KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Doidge, D.F. and J.P. Koot. 1979. Forest insect and disease conditions. Prince Rupert Forest Region, British Columbia, 1978.  Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C.  BC-X-194. (PDF 2425KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Doidge, D.F. and J.P. Koot. 1977. Forest insect and disease conditions. Prince Rupert Forest Region, British Columbia, 1977. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C.  BC-X-174. (PDF 1230KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Downie, B.D. 1986. Status of mountain pine beetle within northwest British Columbia. In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp.4-8 (PDF 9862KB)

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Dupilka, A. 1986. Costs and benefits of beetle management from the private sector viewpoint.  In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp 119-127.  (PDF 9862KB)

Duthie-Holt, M.A. and J.H. Borden. 1999. Treatment of lodgepole pine bark with neem demonstrates lack of repellency or feeding deterrency to the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 96:21-24. (PDF 1674KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Dykstra, P.R. and T.F. Braumandl. 2006. Historic influence of the mountain pine beetle on stand dynamics in Canada's Rocky Mountain Parks. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2006-15 (PDF 1.93MB)
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Dymond, C.C., M.A. Wulder, T.L. Shore, T. Nelson, B. Boots, and B.G. Riel. 2007. Evaluation of risk assessment of mountain pine beetle infestations. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2007-13 (PDF 1.45MB)
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Eaton, C.B. 1941. Influence of the mountain pine beetle on the composition of mixed pole stands of ponderosa pine and white fir. Journal of Forestry 39(8):710-713. (PDF 1176KB)

Ebata, T. 2004. Current status of mountain pine beetle in British Columbia. In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.52-56. (PDF 980KB)
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Eckberg, T.B., J.M. Schmid, S.A. Mata, and J.E. Lundquist. 1994. Primary focus trees for the mountain pine beetle in the Black Hills. USDA Rocky Mountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, Co. Research Note  RM-531. (PDF 1147KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Elley, F.W. 1927. Report on the pine bark beetle epidemic in the fish trap timber sales. British Columbia Forest Service, Victoria B.C. (PDF 412KB)

Elkin, C.M. and M.L. Reid. 2004. Attack and reproductive success of mountain pine beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in fire-damaged lodgepole pines. Environmental Entomologist 33(4):1070-1080. (PDF 372KB)

Elkin, C.M. and M.L. Reid. 2005. Low energy reserves and energy allocation decisions affect reproduction by mountain pine beetles, Dendroctonus ponderosae. Functional Ecology 19(1):102-109.

Ember Research Services Ltd. 1995. Tweedsmuir Park mountain pine beetle control burn (1995). B.C. Parks, Smithers B.C. (PDF 3669KB)

Emerson, J. 1982. The need for action: what is being done in the national forests of the United States and plans for the future. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 50-53.  (PDF 119KB)
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Eng, M. 2005. Mountain pine beetle projections: answering questions or making moonshine? Forum 12(3):19. (PDF 107KB)
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Eng, M. A. Fall, J. Hughes, T. Shore, B. Riel, P. Hall, and A. Walton. 2005. Provincial-level projection of the current mountain pine beetle outbreak: an overview of the model (BCMPB v2) and results of year 2 of the project. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-20. (PDF 1242KB)
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Eng, M.; Fall, A.; Hughes, J.; Shore, T.L.; Riel, W.G.; Hall, P. 2004. Provincial level projection of the current mountain pine beetle outbreak: an overview of the model (BCMPB) and draft results of year 1 of the project. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2004-01. (PDF 813KB)
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Evans, P.D. 2007. Finishing of mountain pine beetle affected lodgepole wood. UBC, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

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Faccoli, M. and F. Schlyter. 2007. Conifer phenolic resistance markers are bark beetle antifeedant semiochemicals. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9(3):237-245.

Fahey, T.D. 1980. Evaluating dead lodgepole pine for products. Forest Product Journal 30(12):34-39. (PDF 1022KB) Courtesy of the Forest Products Society

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Fall, A., Eng, M., Shore, T, Safranyik, L., Riel, B., Sachs, D. 2001. Mountain Pine Beetle Audit Project: Kamloops Forest District Landscape Model. Final Report; Ministry of Forests; Forest Practices Branch, Victoria BC. (PDF 172KB)

Fall, A., D. Sachs, T. Shore, L. Safranyik, and B. Riel. 2003. Application of the MPB/SELES landscape-scale mountain pine beetle model in the Morice Timber Supply Area: final report. Gowlland Technologies Ltd. Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1004KB)

Fall, A., D. Sachs, T. Shore, L. Safranyik, and B. Riel. 2002. Application of the MPB/SELES landscape-scale mountain pine beetle model in the Lakes Timber Supply Area: final report. Gowlland Technologies Ltd. Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1078KB)

Fall, A., T.L. Shore, and W.G. Riel. 2006. Dawson Creek mountain pine beetle spread analysis: application of the SELES-MPB landscape-scale mountain pine beetle model in the Dawson Timber Supply Area and TFL 48.  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2006-18. (PDF KB) Courtesy of
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Fall, A., T. Shore, L. Safranyik, B. Riel, and D. Sachs. 2004. Integrating landscape-scale mountain pine beetle projection and spatial harvesting models to assess management strategies.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.114-132. (PDF 929KB)
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Fall, A., T. Shore, L. Safranyik, B. Riel, and D. Sachs. 2002. Application of the MPB/SELES landscape-scale mountain pine beetle model in the Kamloops Forest District: final report. Gowlland Technologies Ltd. Victoria, B.C. (PDF 987KB) Courtesy of

Feng, M.W. and R.M. Knudson. 2005. Improving value recovery of OSB from post-mountain pine beetle wood. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-13. (PDF 2448KB)
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Ferguson, A. 2004. Challenges and solutions - an industry perspective. In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.76-78. (PDF 845KB)
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Fettig, C.J., C.P. Dabney, S.R. McKelvey, and R.R. Borys. 2006. An assessment of re-randomization methods in bark beetle (Scolytidae) trapping bioassays. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 8(4):267-271.

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Fiddick, R.L. and G.A. VanSickle. 1982. Forest insect and disease conditions British Columbia and Yukon / 1981. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-225. (PDF 1991KB)                                                                                                                                                      Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Fiddick, R.L. and G.A. VanSickle. 1980. Forest insect and disease conditions British Columbia and Yukon / 1980. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-220. (PDF 1758KB)                                                                                                                                                        Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Fiddick, R.L. and G.A. VanSickle. 1979. Forest insect and disease conditions British Columbia and Yukon / 1979. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information report BC-X-200. (PDF 2122KB) Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Fiddler, G.O., Fiddler, T.A., D.R. Hart, and P.M. McDonald. 1989. Thinning decreases mortality and increases growth of ponderosa pine in Northeastern California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. Research paper PSW-194. (PDF 1911KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Fiedler, C.E. 1989. Utilization opportunities for reducing mountain pine beetle damage in lodgepole pine. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.70-74. (PDF 874KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Findlay, W.K., and C.B. Pettifor. 1937. the effect of sap-stain on the properties of timber: 1. Effect of sap-stain on the strength of Scots pine sapwood. (PDF 8.2MB) Forestry 11:40-52.

Forest Practices Board. 2007. Tree species harvested in areas affected by mountain pine beetles. Victoria, BC. FPB Special Report 33. (PDF 406KB)

Forest Practices Board. 2002. Mountain pine beetle salvage and road access through a proposed protected area: complaint investigation 990214. Victoria, BC. FRB/IRC: 64. (PDF 233KB)

Fox, J.W., D.L. Wood, R.P. Akers, and J.R. Parmeter Jr. 1992. Survival and development of Ips paraconfusus Lanier (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) reared axenically and with tree-pathogenic fungi vectored by cohabiting Dendroctonus species. Canadian Entomologist 124(6): 1157-1167.

Franceschi, F.R., P. Krokene, E. Christiansen, and T. Krekling. 2005. Anatomical and chemical defenses of conifer bark against bark beetles and other pests. New Phytologist 167(2):353-376.

Fuchs, M. 1999. The ecological role of the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosa): description of research from the literature. Foxtree Ecological Consulting, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 699KB)

Fuchs, M.G. and J.H. Borden. 1985. Pre-emergence insecticide applications for control of the mountain pine beetle Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 82:25-28. (PDF 348KB)  Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Furniss, M.M. 1981. An improved nonsticky trap for field testing scolytid pheromones. Environmental Entomology 10:161-163. (PDF 670KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Furniss, M.M., R.W.Claussen, G.P. Markin, M.D. McGregor and R.L. Livingston. 1981. Effectiveness of douglas-fir beetle antiaggregative pheromone applied by helicopter. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report INT-101. (PDF 1241KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Furniss, M.M., and R.L. Furniss. 1972. Scolytids (Coleptera) on snowfields above timberline in Oregon and Washington. Canadian Entomologist 104(9):1471-1477. ( 2.22MB)

Furniss, M.M., G.P. Markin, and V.J. Hager. 1982. Aerial application of douglas-fir beetle antiaggregative pheromone: equipment and evaluation. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report INT-137. (PDF 699KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Furniss, M.M. and J.A. Schenk. 1969. Sustained natural infestation by the mountain pine beetle in seven new pinus and picea hosts. Journal of Economic Entomology 62(2):518-519. (PDF 379KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Furniss, R.L., and V.M. Carolin, 1977. Western forest insects. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Forest Service. Washington, D.C. Miscellaneous Publication No. 1339: 353-357.

 

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Gara, R.I., W.R. Littke, J.K. Agee, D.R. Geiszler, J.D. Stuart, and C.H. Driver. 1985. Influence of fires, fungi and mountain pine beetles on development of a lodgepole pine forest in south-Central Oregon. In Lodgepole pine: the species and its management. Spokane, WA and Vancouver, BC, D.M. Baumgartner, R.G. Krebill, J.T. Arnott and G.F. Weetman (editors).  Washington State University Press. Pullman, Washington. pp. 153-162.

Gawalko, L. 2004. Mountain pine beetle management in British Columbia parks and protected areas. In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.79-86. (PDF 899KB)
 Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Gedalof, Ze'ev. 2003. Incorporating climate information into management strategies for the mountain pine beetle in central British Columbia, Canada. University of Washington. (PDF 1004KB)

Geiszler, D.R. and R.I. Gara. 1978. Mountain pine beetle attack dynamics in lodgepole pine.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 182-187. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E. 2006. Mountain pine beetle conditions in whitebark pine stands in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 2006. USDA Forest Service, Northern Region, Missoula. Forest Health Protection Report. (PDF 269KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K. 2004. Mountain pine beetle: conditions and issues in the Western United States. In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.57-61. (PDF 923KB)
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Gibson, K.E. 1989a. Mountain pine beetle status--western United States. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp. 4-5. (PDF 12922KB)  Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

_____. 1989b. Partial cutting (sanitation thinning) to reduce mountain pine beetle-caused mortality. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp. 45-47. (PDF 12922KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E. 1988. Mountain pine beetle status and potential, Plains/Thompson Falls Ranger district, Lolo National Forest. USDA Forest Service Northern Region, Missoula, Mt. Forest Pest Management Report (USDA Forest Service Northern Region) 89-3. (PDF 919.78KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E. 1983. Permanent mountain pine beetle population trend plots: an update,1983. Northern Region, Forest Pest Management, Missoula, Mt. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report 83-17. (PDF 1363KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E. 1982a. Permanent mountain pine beetle population trend plots: an update, 1982. Northern Region, Forest Pest Management, Missoula, Mt. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report 82-19. (PDF 1063KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E. 1982b. Management alternatives for lodgepole pine recreational facilities threatened by the mountain pine beetle. Northern Region, Forest Pest Management, Missoula, Mt. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report No. 82-27. (PDF 1368KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E. and D.D. Bennett. 1985. Carbaryl prevents attacks on lodgepole pine by the mountain pine beetle. Journal of Forestry 83(2):109-111.

Gibson, K.E. and R.D. Oakes. 1987. Mountain pine beetle status report, Northern Region 1986. USDA Forest Service Northern Region, Missoula, Mo. Forest Pest Management Report (USDA Forest Service Northern Region) 87- 7. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gibson, K.E., R.F. Schmitz, G.D. Amman and R.S. Oakes. 1991. Mountain pine beetle response to different verbenone dosages in pine stands of Western Montana. Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Ut. Research Paper INT- 444. (PDF 2937KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gillette, N.E., J.D. Stein, D.R. Owen, J.N. Webster, G.O. Fiddler, S.R. Mori, and D.L. Wood. 2006. Verbenone-releasing flakes protect individual Pinus contorta trees from attack by Dendroctonus ponderosae and Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae). Agricultural & Forest Entomology 8(3):243-251.

Gimbarzevsky, P., A.F. Dawson, and G.A. Van Sickle. 1992. Assessment of aerial photographs and multi-spectral scanner imagery for measuring mountain pine beetle damage. Forestry Canada, Pacific and Yukon Region. Information Report BC-X-333. (PDF 2682KB)

Goheen, G.J. F.W. Cobb, Jr., D.L. Wood, and D.L. Rowney. 1985. Visitation frequencies of some insect species on Ceratocystis wageneri infected and apparently healthy ponderosa pines. Canadian Entomologist 117(12):1535-1544.

Goss, G.R. 1990. Partial or selective cutting lodgepole pine stands to reduce their susceptibility to mountain pine beetle infestations. BSc thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.

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Gray, D.R. and J.H. Borden. 1989. Containment and concentration of mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) infestations with semiochemicals: validation by sampling of baited and surrounding zones. Journal of Economic Entomology 82(5):1399-1405. (PDF 664KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Green, S., and H. Griesbauer. 2006. Current/critical research on species-specific responses to climate/microenvironment change, making specific applications for MPB stands under different scenarios:  literature review. University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, B.C. (PDF 27KB)

Greene, L.E. 1992. Qualitative genetics of mountain pine beetle in Central Oregon. In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, p.3. (PDF 225KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Gries, G., H.D. Pierce, Jr., B.S. Lindgren, and J.H. Borden. 1988. New techniques for capturing and analyzing semiochemicals for scolytidae beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 81(6):1715-1720. (PDF 475KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Griesbauer, H. and S. Green. 2006. Examining the utility of advance regeneration for reforestation and timber production in unsalvaged stands killed by the mountain pine beetle: controlling factors and management implications. BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management 7(2):81-92. (PDF 507KB)

Groves, K. 2007. Online detection and characterization of MPB wood furnish to optimize OSB mill processing efficiency. Forintek Canada Corp., Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

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Haack, R.A., D.A. Herms, B.D. Ayres, M.P. Ayres, and M.L. Doozie Snider. 1992. Genetic basis of semiochemically mediated bark beetle-predator coevolution: implications for developing mass-trapping technologies.  In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, pp. 20-21. (PDF 185KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Haight, R.G., J.D. Brodie, and W.G. Dahms. 1985. A dynamic programming algorithm for optimization of lodgepole pine management. Forest Science 31(2):321-330.

Hall, P.M. 2004 Provincial bark beetle strategy: technical implementation guidelines. In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.67-75. (PDF 1.36MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Hall, P.M. 1989. The use of mountain pine beetle aggregation semio-chemicals in British Columbia. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.101-107. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hall, P.M. 1985. Background and techniques used in the British Columbia bark beetle program. Ministry of Forests, Protection Branch, Victoria, BC. Internal Report PM-PB-15. (PDF 4.12 MB)

Hall, P.M. and T.F. Maher (editors). 1986. Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985 Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7.  (PDF 9862KB)

Hall, R.W., P.J. Shea, and M.I. Haverty. 1982. Effectiveness of carbaryl and chlorpyriphos for protecting ponderosa pine trees from attack by the western pine beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology 75:504-508. (PDF 1003KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Hamel, D.R. 1989. Registration status of bark beetle semiochemicals In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.118-119. (PDF 319KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hamel, D.R. 1978. Results of harvesting strategies for management of mountain pine beetle infestations in lodgepole pine on the Gallatin National Forest, Montana.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 192-196. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hamilton, D.B., J.E. Roelle, and W.B. White. 1985. Mountain pine beetle damage and contagion modeling: some concepts and approaches. USDA Forest Pest Management, Fort Collins, Colo. Forest Pest Management Methods Application Group Report No. 85-6. (PDF 2.30MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hamilton, H., D. Brisco, and A. Tremain. 2006. Community watershed adaptive management trials: FFT work project 21. Ministry of Environment, Ecosystems Branch, Kamloops, BC. Forests For Tomorrow Project 550-26.01  (PDF 285KB)

Han, H.S. and C. Renzie. 2005. Productivity and cost of partial harvesting method to control mountain pine beetle infestations in British Columbia. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 20(2):128-133.

Haraden, R.C. 1982. United States national park service management policies and their relationship to mountain pine beetle pest management programs. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 54-57.  (PDF 119KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Harris, J.W.E., A.F. Dawson, and R.G. Brown. 1982. Evaluation of mountain pine beetle damage using aerial photography: Flathead River, B.C., 1980. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. BC-X-228. (PDF 729KB)
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Harrison, D. 2006. Methodology to assess shelf life attributes of mountain pine beetle-killed trees.  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Victoria, BC. Technology Transfer Note 35. (PDF 299KB)
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Hartley, I.D. and S. Pasca. 2006. Evaluation and review of potential impacts of mountain pine beetle infestation to composite board production and related manufacturing activities in British Columbia. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-12. (PDF 1.03MB)
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Harvey, R.D. Jr. 1979. Rate of increase of blue stained volume in mountain pine beetle killed lodgepole pine in Northeastern Oregon, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 9(3):323-326. (PDF 356KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Hastings, F.L., E.H. Holsten, P.J. Shea, and R. A. Wener. 2001. Carbaryl: a review of its use against bark beetles in coniferous forests of North America. Environmental Entomology 30(5):803-810. (PDF 796KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Haverty, M.I., P.J. Shea, J.T. Hoffman, J.M. Wenz, and K.E. Gibson. 1998. Effectiveness of esfenvalerate, cyfluthrin, and carbaryl in protecting individual lodgepole pines and ponderosa pines from attack by Dendroctonus spp. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper PSW-RP-237.  (PDF 1.63MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hawkes, B., S. Taylor, C. Stockdale, T. Shore. 2003a. Impacts of mountain pine beetle attack on ecosystem dynamics. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, B.C. (PDF 931KB)
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_____. 2003b. Impacts of mountain pine beetle attack on stand and ecosystem dynamics in southeastern British Columbia. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 5.39MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Hawkes, B., S.W. Taylor, C. Stockdale, T.L. Shore, R.I. Alfaro, R. Campbell, and P. Vera. 2004. Impact of mountain pine beetle on stand dynamics in British Columbia.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.177-199. (PDF 1.2MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Hawkes, B., S. Taylor, C. Stockdale, T. Shore, S. Beukema, and D. Robinson. 2005. Predicting mountain pine beetle impacts on lodgepole pine stands and woody debris characteristics in a mixed severity fire regime using PrognosisBC and fire and fuels extension. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-22. (PDF 806KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Hawkins, C.D., and P. Rakochy. Stand to landscape level effects of the mountain pine beetle (MPB) outbreak in central British Columbia. University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, B.C. Executive summary. (PDF 82KB)

Hawkins, C.D., and P. Rakochy. 2007. Stand-level effects of the mountain pine beetle outbreak in the central British Columbia interior. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2007-06. (PDF 834KB)
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Hawksworth, F.G., C.K. Lister, and D.B. Cahill. 1983. Phloem thickness in lodgepole pine: its relationship to dwarf mistletoe and mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Environmental Entomology 12(5):1447-1448. (PDF 211KB)  Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

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_____. 1992b. Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research May 17 - 18 , 1992 , Berkeley , California. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Forest Service. Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California. General Technical Report 138. (PDF 3.17MB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hayes, J.L. and B.L. Strom 1994. 4-allylanisole as an inhibitor of bark beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) aggregation. Journal of Economic Entomology 87(6):1586-1594. (PDF 1060KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America                      

Heath, R. and R.I. Alfaro. 1990. Growth response in a Douglas-fir/lodgepole pine stand after thinning of lodgepole pine by the mountain pine beetle: a case study. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 87:16-21. (PDF 415KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

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Hindmarch, T.D. and M.L. Reid. 2001. Thinning of mature lodgepole pine stands increases scolytid bark beetle abundance and diversity. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31:1502-1512. (PDF 1513KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Hinds, T.E., L.R. Fuller, E.D. Lessard, and D.W. Johnson. 1984. Mountain pine beetle infestation and armillaria root disease of ponderosa pine in the Black Hills of South Dakota. USDA, Timber, Forest Pest and Cooperative Forestry Management, Denver, Colo. USDA Forest Service Technical Report R2-30. (PDF 535KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hobson, K. and O. Edwards. 1992. Novel bark beetle research possible with new genetic techniques.   In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, pp.23-24. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Hodgkinson, R. 1988. Topical applications of chlorpyrifos and various oil diluents against mountain pine beetle and spruce beetle in the Prince George Forest Region. Ministry of Forests, Prince George, B.C. (PDF 691KB)

Holm, B., A. F.-C. Chang. 2006. Development of MPB wood-cement and wood-plastic composite products. UBC, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF PDF PDF)

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Holsten, E.H. and R.A. Werner. 1993. Effectiveness of polyethylene sheeting in controlling spruce beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in infested stacks of spruce firewood in Alaska. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Research Paper PNW-RP-466. (PDF 584KB)  Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Houseweart, M.W. and N.D. Wygant. 1971. Contact toxicity of lindane landrin and gardona to the mountain pine beetle. Journal of Economic Entomology 64(6):1575-1576. (PDF 377KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Howard, A.F., R. Gasson. 1989. A recursive multiple regression model for predicting yields of grade lumber from lodgepole pine sawlogs. Forest Products Journal 39(4): 51-56. (PDF 2.05MB) Courtesy of the Forest Products Society

Hoy, J.B. and P.J. Shea. 1992. Area-wide effect on oribatid mites (Acari) following application of lindane for protection of lodgepole pine from bark beetle attack. Environmental Entomology 21(4):745-750. (PDF 954KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Hsieh, E., N. Uy, and L. Wallbacks. 2006. Development of a portable spectroscopic sensor to measure wood and fibre properties in standing mountain pine beetle-attacked trees and decked logs.  Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2006-16 (PDF 1.02MB)
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Hu, T., S. Johal, B. Yuen, T. Williams, D. Osmond, and P. Watson. 2007. Cost implications for thermomechanical pulping and brightening of blue-stained chips. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre. Mountain Pine Beetle Initiative Working Paper 2006-16 (PDF 979.7KB)
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Hynum, B. G. and A. A. Berryman. 1981. Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae): gallery initiation on lodgepole pine during aggregation. Environmental Entomology 10(6):842-846. (PDF 624KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of America

Hynum, B.G. and A.A. Berryman. 1980. Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae): pre-aggregation landing and gallery initiation on lodgepole pine. Canadian Entomologist 112(2):185-191.

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Ince, P.J. 1982. Economic perspective on harvesting and physical constraints on utilizing small, dead lodgepole pine. Forest Products Journal 32(11-12): 61-66. (PDF 1369KB) Courtesy of the Forest Products Society

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ITRES Research Ltd. 2001. Detection of green stage mountain pine beetle using airborne CASI multi-spectral imagery. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1780KB)

Ives, W.G.J. 1982. Insect and disease pests and allied problems affecting lodgepole pine in Alberta. In Lodgepole pine: regeneration and management. August 17-19, 1982. M. Murray (editor) Hinton, Alberta, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Or. General Technical Report PNW-157. (PDF 812KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Jackson, P.L. and B. Murphy. 2004. Modelling of mountain pine beetle transport and dispersion using atmospheric models.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.133-145. (PDF 4.86MB)
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Jamieson, D. 1986. Infrared study for detection of mountain pine beetle infestation. In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp. 55-60. (PDF 9862KB)

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Kipfmueller, K.F., T.W. Swetnam, and P. Morgan. 2002. Climate and mountain pine beetle-induced tree mortality in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area. US Forest Service, Tucson AR, Moscow, ID. RMRS-99611-RJVA. (PDF 461KB)

Klein, W.H. 1978 Strategies and tactics for reducing losses in lodgepole pine to the mountain pine beetle by chemical and mechanical means.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 148-158. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Klein, W.H. 1979. Measuring damage to lodgepole pine caused by the mountain pine beetle. In Current Topics in Forest Entomology: Selected Papers from the XVth International Congress of Entomology. W.E. Waters (ed.) Washington, D.C., USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report WO-8. pp. 35-42. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Klenner, W. 2006. Retention strategies to maintain habitat structure and wildlife diversity during the salvage harvesting of mountain pine beetle attack areas in the Southern Interior Forest Region. Ministry of Forests and Range, Southern Interior Forest Region, Forest Science Program. Extension Note-04. (PDF 1043KB)

Knight, F.B. 1958. Methods of surveying infestation of the Black Hills beetle in ponderosa pine. Forest Science 4:35-41.

Koch, P. 1996. Lodgepole pine commercial forests: an essay comparing the natural cycle of insect kill and subsequent wildfire with management for utilization and wildlife. USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, General Technical Report INT-GTR-342. (PDF Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Koch, P. 1996. Insects of pole and mature timber: mountain pine beetle. In Lodgepole pine in North America. Forest Products Society, Madison, WI. Chap. 6-17, pp. 305-317. (PDF 2.17MB) Courtesy of the Forest Products Society

Koerber, T. 1976. Lindane in forestry - a continuing controversy. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report PSW-14. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Kolb, T.E., K.M. Holmberg, M.R. Wagner, and J.E. Stone. 1998. Regulation of ponderosa pine foliar physiology and insect resistance mechanisms by basal area treatments. Tree Physiology 18:375-381.

Korol, J.J. 1985. A simulation of predation by non-game birds on the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins). MSc thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF 9163KB)

Kovacic, D.A., M.I. Dyer, and A.T. Cringan. 1985. Understory biomass in ponderosa pine following mountain pine beetle infestation. Forest Ecology and Management 13(1-2):53-68.

Kovacic, D.A., T.V. St. John, and M.I. Dyer. 1984. Lack of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum in a ponderosa pine forest. Ecology 65(6):1755-1759.

Kulhavey, D.L., A.D. Partridge, and R.W. Stark. 1978. Mountain pine beetle and disease management in lodgepole pine stands: inseparable.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 177-181. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Lam, F and J.Y. Chen. 2007. Development of thick laminated MPB wood plates: year two report. UBC, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

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Lam, F., J. Gu, and I. Zaturecky. 2005. Performance of posts laminated with blue-stained mountain pine beetle lodgepole pine. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-5. (PDF 742KB)
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Landers, Mike. 2006. Retention mapping options & alternatives. Ministry of Environment, Ecosystems Planning Section, Victoria, BC.  (PDF 358KB)

Langor, D.W.  2003. Mountain pine beetle (pamphlet). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta. Forestry Leaflet 36. (PDF 558KB)
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Langor, D. 1989. Host effects on the phenology, development, and mortality of field populations of the mountain  pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Canadian Entomologist 121(2):149-158.

Langor, D., A. Rice, and D. Williams. 2007. Mountain pine beetle invasions of boreal forests. Canadian Silviculture. 2007(1):5-7. Courtesy of EMC Publications

Langor, D. and J.R. Spence. 1991. Host effects on allozyme and morphological variation of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Canadian Entomologist 123(2):395-410.

Langor, D., J.R. Spence, and G.R. Pohl. 1990. Host effects on fertility and reproductive success of Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Evolution 44(3):609-618.

Larsson, S., R. Oren, R.H. Waring, and J.W. Barrett. 1983. Attacks of mountain pine beetle as related to tree vigor of ponderosa pine. Forest Science 29(2):395-402.

Lau, K.K. 2007. Conversion of MPB sawmill residuals to flakes for OSB. UBC, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

Lau, K.K. 2006. Innovative methods for moisture conditioning MPB logs for OSB production. Ainsworth, B.C. (PDF)

Leatherman, D.A. 2005. Mountain pine beetle: quick facts. Colorado State University Cooperative Education.

Lee, S., J. Kim, and C. Breuil. 2006. Diversity of fungi associated with mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae, and infested lodgepole pines in British Columbia. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-06. (PDF 894KB)
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Lee, S., J.J. Kim, S. Fung and C. Breuil. 2003. A PCR-RFLP maker distinguishing Ophiostoma clavigerum from morphologically similar Leptographium species associated with bark beetles. Canadian Journal of Botany 81(11): 1104-1112.  

Lemaster, R.L., H.E. Troxell, and G.R. Sampson. 1983. Wood utilization potential of beetle-killed lodgepole pine for solid wood products. Forest Products Journal 33(9):64-68. (PDF 887KB) Courtesy of the Forest Products Society

Lessard, E.D. 1989. Mountain pine beetle population manipulation strategies--past suppression practices. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.81-82. (PDF 557KB)  Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Lessard, G., D.W. Johnson, T.E. Hinds, and W.H. Hoskins. 1985. Association of armillaria root disease with mountain pine beetle infestations on the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota. Forest Pest Management Methods Application Group, Fort Collins, Colo. Forest Pest Management Methods Application Group Report 85-4. (PDF 798KB)

Lewis, K., D. Thompson, I. Hartley, and S. Pasca. 2006. Wood decay and degradation in standing lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm.) killed by mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosa Hopkins: Coleoptera). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-11. (PDF 1.29MB)
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Lewis, K.J. and I. Hartley. 2005. Rate of deterioration, degrade and fall of trees killed by mountain pine beetle: a synthesis of the literature and experiential knowledge. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-14. (PDF 789KB)
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Li, C. and H. Barclay. 2004. Simulation of interactions among fire, mountain pine beetle and lodgepole pine forest.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.257-266. (PDF 240KB)
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Li, W. 2007. Community kiln drying of mountain pine beetle infested lumber for value-added products. BCIT, Vancouver, B.C. (PDF)

Lim, Y.W., J. Kim, M. Lu, and C. Breuil. 2006. Determining fungal diversity on Dendroctonus ponderosae and Ips pini affecting lodgepole pine using cultural and molecular methods. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-04. (PDF 1014KB)
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Lindgren, B.S. 1988. Applications of semiochemicals for management of Dendroctonus bark beetles. Northwest Environmental Journal 4:327-328.

Lindgren, B.S. 1983. A multiple funnel trap for scolytid beetles (Coleoptera). Canadian Entomologist 115(3):299-302.

Lindgren, B.S. and J.H. Borden. 1993. Displacement and aggregation of mountain pine beetles, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), in response to their antiaggregation and aggregation pheromones. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23(2):286-290. (PDF 480KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Lindgren, B.S. and J.H. Borden. 1989. Semiochemicals of the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins). In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.83-88. (PDF 1191KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Lindgren, B.S., J.H. Borden, G.H. Cushon, L.J. Chong, and C.J. Higgins. 1989. Reduction of mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) attacks by verbenone in lodgepole pine stands in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19(1):65-68. (PDF 767KB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

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_____. 2002b. Effect of verbenone on attraction of predatory and woodboring beetles (Coleoptera) to kairomones in lodgepole pine forests. Environmental Entomology 31(5):766-773. (PDF 1127KB) Courtesy of the Environmental Society of America.

Linton, D.A., L. Safranyik, L.H. Mcmullen and R. Betts. 1987. Field techniques for rearing and marking mountain pine beetle for use in dispersal studies. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 84:53-57. Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Lister, K. and J.G. Laut. 1987. MPB pheromone trials in Colorado 1985. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Timber, Forest Pest, and Cooperative Forestry Management. Technical report R2-40. (PDF 512KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Livingston, R.L. 1989. Detection and survey methods for mountain pine beetle. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp. 21. (PDF 44KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Logan, J. A. 2006. Climate induced invasion of new habitats by the mountain pine beetle. USDA Forest Service, Washington Office, Washington, DC.  Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Logan, J.A. and B.J. Bentz. 1999. Model analysis of mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) seasonality. Environmental Entomology 28)6):924-934. (PDF 5.69MB) Courtesy of the Environmental Society of America

Logan, J.A., B.J. Bentz, J.C. Vandygriff, and D.L. Turner. 1998. General program for determining instar distributions from headcapsule widths: example analysis of mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) data. Environmental Entomology 27(3):555-563. (PDF 5.2MB)  Courtesy of the Environmental Society of America

Logan, J.A. and J.A. Powell. 2004. Modelling mountain pine beetle phenological response to temperature.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.210-222. (PDF 1.65MB)
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Logan, J.A. and J.A. Powell. 2001. Ghost forests, global warming, and the mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). American Entomologist 47(3):160-172. (PDF 493KB) Courtesy of the Environmental Society of America

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McBride, J.K. 1982. The need for action: against mountain pine beetle on commercial timber and relatedl ands. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 47-49.  (PDF 119KB)
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McCambridge, W.F. 1982. Field tests of insecticides to protect ponderosa pine Pinus ponderosa from the mountain pine beetle Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 75(6):1080-1082. (PDF 1093KB) Courtesy of the Environmental Society of America.

McCambridge, W.F. 1974. Identifying ponderosa pines infested with mountain pine beetles. Rocky Mountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, Col. USDA Forest Service Research Paper RM-273. (PDF 550KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

McCambridge, W.F. 1974. Influence of low temperatures on attack, oviposition and larval development of mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Canadian Entomologist 106(9):979-984.

McCambridge, W.F. 1969. Spermatozoa in unemerged female mountain pine beetles Dendroctonus ponderosae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 100:168-170.

McCambridge, W.F., F.G. Hawksworth, C.B. Edminster, and J.G. Laut. 1982. Ponderosa pine mortality resulting from a mountain pine beetle outbreak. Rocky Mountain Forest & Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, Col. USDA Forest Service Research Paper RM-235. (PDF 1343KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

McCambridge, W.F. and S.A.J. Mata. 1969. Flight muscle changes in Black Hills beetles, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), during emergence and egg laying. Canadian Entomologist 101:507-512.

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McGregor, M.D. 1982. The current situation of the mountain pine beetle in the United States and the resources involved. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 16-21.  (PDF 285KB)
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McGregor, M.D., K.E. Gibson, S. Tunnock, L.E. Stipe, H.E. Meyer, and R.D. Oakes. 1985. Status of mountain pine beetle infestations, Northern Region, 1984. U.S. Forest Service Northern Region, Missoula, Mo. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report No.85-25. (PDF 4927KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

McGregor, M.D., K.E. Gibson, and R.D. Oakes. 1982. Status of mountain pine beetle infestations Flathead Nation Forest and other portions of Montana 1981. Northern Region, Forest Insect & Disease Management, Missoula, Mt. USDA Forest Service Northern Region Report No.82 6. (PDF 5810KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Quenet, R.V. 1986. Integration of pest damage data into the British Columbia Forest Service inventory data base. In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp. 61-64. (PDF 9862KB)

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Raffa, K.F. 1992. Current status and critical research needs in scolytid genetics. In Proceedings of a workshop on bark beetle genetics: current status of research. May 17-18, 1992, Berkeley, California. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station General Technical Report PSW-GTR-138, pp. 18-19. (PDF 265KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

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Safranyik, L. 1989. Mountain pine beetle: biology overview. In Proceedings: symposium on the management of lodgepole pine to minimize losses to the mountain pine beetle,  July 12-14, 1988. G. D. Amman (compiler). Kalispell, Montana, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, Ogden, Utah. pp.9-13. (PDF 12922KB) Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Safranyik, L. 1988. Estimating attack and brood totals and densities of the mountain pine beetle in individual lodgepole pine trees. Canadian Entomologist 120(4): 323-331.

Safranyik, L. 1986a. Application and feasibility of alternative control strategies.  In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp 104-109.  (PDF 9862KB)

_____ 1986b. Effect of climatic factors on development, survival, and life cycle of the mountain pine beetle.  In Proceedings of the mountain pine beetle symposium: April 16, 17, 18, 1985. P.M. Hall and T.F. Maher (editors). Smithers, B.C. British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Prince Rupert Region, Smithers, B.C. Pest Management Report Number 7. pp 14-24.  (PDF 9862KB)

Safranyik, L. 1982. Alternative solutions: preventive management and direct control. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 29-32.  (PDF 260KB)
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Safranyik, L. 1978. Effects of climate and weather on mountain pine beetle populations.  In Theory and practice of mountain pine beetle management in lodgepole pine forests. April 25-27, 1978. A. A. Berryman, G.D. Amman, R.W. Stark, D. Kibbee, and S. Hieb (editors), Washington State University, Pullman Washington, Forest, Wildlife and Range Experiment Station, University of Idaho, Moscow, USDA Forest Service, Forest Insect and Disease Research, Washington D.C., USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. pp. 77-84. Courtesy of the USDA Forest Service

Safranyik, L. 1976. Size- and sex-related emergence and survival in cold storage of mountain pine beetle adults. Canadian Entomologist 108(2): 209-212.

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Safranyik, L. and A.L. Carroll. 2006. The biology and epidemiology of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine forests. In The mountain pine beetle: a synthesis of biology, management, and impacts on lodgepole pine. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, BC. pp. 3-66. (PDF 7608KB)
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Safranyik, L. and P.M. Hall. 1990. Strategies and tactics for mountain pine beetle management. British Columbia. Ministry of Forests. Victoria, BC.  (PDF 5450KB)

Safranyik, L. and D.A. Linton. 2002. Line transect sampling to estimate the density of lodgepole pine currently attacked by mountain pine beetle. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C.  Information Report BC-X-392. (PDF 1.15MB)
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Safranyik, L. and D.A. Linton. 1998. Mortality of mountain pine beetle larvae, Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in logs of lodgepole pine (pinus contorta var. latifolia) at constant low temperatures. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 95: 81-87. (PDF 839KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Safranyik, L. and D.A. Linton. 1993. Relationships between catches in flight and emergence traps of the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae hopk. (Col.: Scolytidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 90: 53-61. (PDF 973KB) Courtesy of the Entomological Society of B.C.

Safranyik, L. and D.A. Linton. 1991. Unseasonably low fall and winter temperatures affecting mountain pine beetle and pine engraver beetle populations and damage in the British Columbia Chilcotin Region. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 88:17-21.

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Safranyik, L., D.A. Linton and T.L. Shore. 2000.Temporal and vertical distribution of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) captured in barrier traps at baited and unbaited lodgepole pines the year following attack by the mountain pine beetle. Canadian Entomologist 132(6): 799-810.

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Whitney, H.S., R.J. Bandoni and F. Oberwinkler. 1987. Entomocorticium dendroctoni new-genus new-species (Basidiomycotina) a possible nutritional symbiote of the mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 65(1): 95-102. (PDF 2.64MB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Whitney, H.S. and A. Funk. 1977. Pezizella chapmanii new-species a discomycete associated with bark beetle galleries in western conifers. Canadian Journal of Botany 55(8): 888-891. (PDF 2.15MB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Whitney, H.S., L. Safranyik, and D.C. Moulson. 1995. Biological evaluation of the prototype standing tree debarking system (stds) used for direct control of mountain pine beetle in lodgepole pine. Ministry of Forests, Research Branch. Victoria, BC. FRDA Report 234. (PDF 1.39MB)

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Whitney, H.S. and O.J. Spanier. 1982. An improved method for rearing axenic mountain pine beetles Dendroctonus ponderosae (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Canadian Entomologist 114(11): 1095-1100.

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Wulder, M. A. 2006.  A procedure for mapping and monitoring mountain pine beetle red attack forest damage using landsat imagery. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information Report  BC-X-404. (PDF 922KB)
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_____ 2004b. Remote sensing technologies for mountain pine beetle surveys.  In Mountain pine beetle symposium: challenges and solutions. October 30-31, 2003, Kelowna, British Columbia. T.L. Shore, J.E. Brooks, and J.E. Stone (editors). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Information Report BC-X-399, Victoria, BC. pp.146-153. (PDF 565KB)
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Wulder, M.A., C.C. Dymond, and B. Erickson. 2004. Detection and monitoring of the mountain pine beetle. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information Report (Pacific Forestry Centre) ; BC-X-398 (PDF 1305KB)
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Wulder, M.A., D. Seeman, C.C. Dymond, T. Shore, and B. Riel. 2004. Arc/Info Macro Language (AML) scripts for mapping susceptibility and risk of volume losses to mountain pine beetle in British Columbia. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Technology Transfer Note Number 33, Victoria, BC. (PDF 1622KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Wulder, M.A., R.S. Skakun, S.E. Franklin, and J.C. White. 2005. Enhancing forest inventories with mountain pine beetle infestation information. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-18. (PDF 1117KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, and B.J. Bentz. 2005. Detection and mapping of mountain pine beetle red attack: matching information needs with appropriate remotely sensed data. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 1868KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, B.J. Bentz, and T. Ebata. 2006. Augmenting the existing survey hierarchy for mountain pine beetle red-attack damage with satellite remotely sensed data. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2006-05. (PDF 1.35MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, N.C. Coops, T. Han, M.F. Alvarez, C. Butson, and X. Yuan. 2006. A procedure for mapping and monitoring mountain pine beetle red attack forest damage using Landsat imagery. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Information Report BC-X-404. (PDF 1.29MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Wulder, M.A., J.C. White, C.C. Dymond, T. Nelson, B. Boots, and T.L. Shore. 2007. Calculating risk of mountain pine beetle attack: comparison of distance- and density-based estimates of beetle pressure. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2007-11. (PDF 1.42MB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Wygant, N.D. 1959. Bark beetle control. Journal of Forestry. 57:274-277. (PDF

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Yamaoka, Y., R.H. Swanson and Y. Hiratsuka. 1990. Inoculation of lodgepole pine with four blue-stain fungi associated with mountain pine beetle, monitored by a heat pulse velocity (HPV) instrument. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20(1): 31-36. (PDF 2.34MB) Courtesy of NRC Research Press

Youds, J. 2006. Mountain pine beetle / lichen project, Quesnel TSA: Year 1, 2005/06. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 2203KB)

Young, C. 1988. Coming of age in the flathead: how the British Columbia Forest Service contended with the mountain pine beetle infestation of Southeastern British Columbia 1976-1986. Ministry of Forests, Protection Branch, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 3768KB)

Young, W. 1982. The need for action: what is being done and plans for the future in British Columbia. In Proceedings of the joint Canada/USA workshop on mountain pine beetle related problems in western North America. D.M. Shrimpton (editor). Fairmont Hot Springs, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service. pp. 44-46.  (PDF 189KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

Young, W. 1981. An overview of the mountain pine beetle infestation in British Columbia. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. (PDF 213KB)

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Zaturecky, I. 2007. Laminated decking and flooring products from MPB infested wood. Canadian Forest Products Ltd., New Westminster, B.C. (PDF)

Zaturecky, I. 2006. Stress-wave technology for defect detection and classification of mountain pine beetle-infested logs and lumber. Canadian Forest Products Ltd, New Westminster, B.C. (PDF)

Zaturecky, I. and I. Chiu. 2005. Alternative wood products from blue-stained mountain pine beetle lumber: non-structural laminated products. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, B.C. Working Paper 2005-07. (PDF 781KB)
Courtesy of the Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources Canada

 

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